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LIBRARY 

OF THE 


Theological Seminary, 

PRINCETON, N. J. 


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STORAGE 





Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2015 













https://archive.org/details/missionaryherald671amer 



THE 



MISSIONARY HERALD, 



CONTAINING 



THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



American Josrfr of Commissioners for Jfortign fissions 



WITH A VIEW OF 



OTHER BENEVOLENT OPERATIONS, 



FOR THE YEAR 1871. 



YOL. LXYII. 



CAMBRIDGE: 

PRINTED AT THE RIVERSIDE PRESS. 
1871. 




Published at the expense of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Misssion 
and the profits devoted to the missionary cause. 







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INDEX 

TO THE PRINCIPAL MATTERS CONTAINED IN THIS VOLUME. 



Adana station, 33, 144, 214; exploring tour in 
^ Kajamania, 144; violence, 214. 

Ahmednuggur, 176; station report, 176. 

Aintab — girls’ boarding-school, 390. 

American Board — annual survey of its mis- 
sions, 1-12 ; arrangements for the home work, 
169; annual meeting, 321-348. 

Angora, 13. 

Antioch station, 143, 172 ; week of prayer — 
encouraging incidents, 143; the church* their 
pastor, and their missionary, 172; persecution 
at an out-station, 173. 

Arrivals, 59, 124, 253, 284, 313, 365, 396. 

Baghchejuk, 40. 

Bansko, 37, 262. 

Bapt st Missionary Society — English, 49. 

Baptist Missionary Union, 273. 

Basle Missionary Society, 388. 

Batticotta station, 45. 

Berlin Missionary Society, 361. 

Bibliographical notices, — History of Sandwich 
Islands Mission, Anderson ; 27 ; What is Truth, 
188 ; Life and Times of David Zeisberger, 
226. 

Bitlis station, 21, 143; the revival, 21, 143. 

Broosa station, 73, 172; Angora as a mission 
field, 73; the churches of Galat'a, 74; native 
pastors and helpers, 172. 

Cesarea station, 39, 170, 214, 304, 357; fire, 39; 
condition of the field. 171; brightening pros- 
pects among Greeks, 214; the Turks, 216; ex- 
tracts from station report, 304; self-support, 
305; schools — native female teachers — gen- 
eral progress — laborers wanted, 358. 

Ceylon mission, 8. 44, 238; annual survey, 8; 
power of superstition, 44; a consistent Chris- 
tian — scoffers silenced, 45; annual gathering, 
46; encouraging items, 46; dedication of a 
chapel, 238; interesting inquirers, 239; per- 
sonal effort, 240; additions, 240. 

Chemishgezek, 41. 

Chermoak. 214. 

Chevermeh, 176, 356. 

Christian Vernacular Education Society, 114. 

Dakota mission, 11, 71, 135; annual survey, 
11; the native ministry — ordinations, 71; 
additions to church, 72; baptisms — deaths — 
schools, 135. 

Deaths, 28, 59, 124, 134, 139, 221, 285, 365, 396. 

Diorik, 41. 



I Donations, 29, 60, 90, 124, 156, 189, 221, 254, 
285, 313, 365, 396. 

! Duty of American Congregationalists to Foreign 
missions — special paper on, 338-342. 

Egin* 41. 

Egypt, United Presbyterian mission in, 198. 

Embarkation's, 28, 188, 221, 253, 284, 365, 396. 

Engravings, Dr. Mark Hopkins, 1; Adana, 33; 
missionary house at Erzroom, 65; Tarsus, 97 ; 
ruins of Pompeiopolis, 129; Baiboort, Eastern 
Turkey, 161; ancient Lystra, 193; ancient 
Derbe*225; Cesarea, 257; the old palace, Ma- 
dura, 389; Satara, 320, 369. 

Erzingan, 74, 112, 176. 

Erzroom station, 74, 141, 175, 267; tour to Er- 
zingan, 74; success of a blind helper, 86; 
interest of the people, 76; a new region vis- 
ited, 77; visit to Khanoos, 141; rumors of 
war — the United States, 142; out-stations, 
175; a tour — a Protestant priest — a Sodom 
and its priest, 267 ; encouragement *at the 
south, 268; a cold church, 268. 

Eski Zagra station, 146, 263: Merichleri — per- 
secution and progress, 146 ; persecution at 
Yamboul, 263; girls’ school, 381. 

! Financial Statements, 67, 205, 261, 371. 

Foochow mission. 9, 298; annual survey, 9; visit 
to Yungfuh, 298; girls’ school — work for 
women, 299: dedication of new chapel, 299; 
excitement against foreigners, 383. 

Free Church of Scotland — its missions, 115. 

j Free-will Baptist Foreign Missionary Societv, 
116. 

1 Gaboon mission, transfer of, 1. 

i Galatia — the churches of, 74. 

General Baptist Missionary Society, 150. 

Gurun, 39, 145; church formed — ordination, 
39. 

| Ilaboosi, 214. 

: Harpoot station, 24, 41,77, 213, 355; prayer- 
meetings among women, 24; notice of some 
out-stations, 41; mission of the native churches 
in Koordistan, 77; plans for occupying Van, 
213; tours — state of the churches, 213; pleas- 
ant incidents, 213; a stolen Testament, 214; 
progress, 355 ; chapel building at Chevermeh, 
356. 

I Irish Church missions to Koinan Catholics, 276. 



IV 



INDEX. 



Japan mission, 10, 205, 293, 349 ; annual survey, 
10; prospects — government action, 205; trea- 
ties — what should be done, 206; letter from 
Mr. Gulick, 206 ; persecution — Mr. Gulick’s 
teacher arrested, 293 ; general views, 349. 

Kara Hadjeloo, 145. 

Kara Hissar, 145. 

Khanoos, 141. 

Kullith — church building at, 109. 

London Jews Society, 182. 

London Missionary Society, 177, 363. 

Madagascar, 179. 

Madura mission, 7, 20, 23, 42, 79, 136,240, 269, 300, 
383, 391; annual survey, 7 ; movement among 
the heathen, 20 ; a pastor called, 20 ; encour- 
agement at Mandapasalai, 23; additions to the 
churches, 42 ; work among the heathen, 43 ; a 
pillar fallen, 43; help needed, 79; itinerating, 
136; losses and gains, 136; medical practice 

— case of gratitude, 137 ; review of nine 
years, 137 ; the Pasumalie schools, 138; Tamil 
hymns — a newspaper, 139: visiting the con- 
gregations, 240; what shall be done for Man- 
dapasalai ? 241 ; review of twentv-five years, 
241; a good report of children, 241; progress, 
241; sorely pressed, 242; the Brahma Somaj 
and Christ, 269; heathenism waning, 269; the 
field and the people — annual report, 270; 
Sabbath services, 270; progress in seventeen 
years, 271; touring — value of the tent, 300; 
Romanists — their ignorance, 300; the priests, 
301; Romanists in school, 383; improvements, 
383; Mrs. Chandler’s school, 391. 

Mahratta mission, 7, 88, 140, 176,210; annual 
survey, 7; the field, 88; Rahoori station re- 
port, 140; a severe storm, 140; station reports, 
176; native Christian Alliance, 211; resolu- 
tion of thanks, 212; the church at Bombay, 
212. See stations — Ahmednuggur and Sa- 
tara. 

Manissa, 106, 301 ; the new station, 301 ; congre- 
gation — persecution, 302; a case of interest 

— a second service, 303. 

Manjulhk, 38. 

Marash station, 173 ; the Sabbath-school — can- 
didates, 173 ; theological school, 381. 

Mardin station, 109, 174; difficulties, 112; sta- 
tion report, 174; a correction, 175. 

Marsovan station, 22, 73, 107 ; a hearty wel- 
come, 22; the schools, 73, 109; week of prayer 
at Samsoon, 107 ; reform in oriental churches, 
108; importance of Samsoon, 108. 

Merichleri, 146. 

Micronesia mission, 10, 17,48, 233 272, 282, 312; 
annual survey, 10; letter from Mr. Bingham, 
17; atonement at Ponape — influence of the 
Jamestown , 18; additions to church, 19, 234, 
238; the Nanakin, 19; Gilbert Islands — 
schools, 48; the work at Drummond’s Island, 
48; letter from Mr. Doane, 233-238; religious 
interest — intemperance, 233; another trial to 
Narcissus, 233 ; influence of shipping, 235; 
new trials, 236; church building, 236 ; build- 
ing a saw-mill, 237; rejoicing over the new 
vessel, 237; the Morning Star at Honolulu, 
272 ; the celestial telegraph — enemies at 
peace, 282; a Christianized feast, 312. 

Miscellaneous articles — the week of prayer, 12; 
how to conduct a monthly concert, 13; mis- 
sionary publications, 14; valuable donations, 
25; Papal and Protestant, missionaries, 26; 
should missionaries go unmarried? 27 ; Adana, 
with engraving, 33; the necessity, 34; the new 
aspiration, 35; a word of cheer from Tndia, 
36 ; apologetic, 37 ; what Romanists are doing. 



56; holding on, 57; well done, 57; mission 
items, 58; a fast friend fallen, 59; missionary 
house at Erzroom, with engraving, 65; music, 
68 ; encouragement, 67 ; absence of Secretary, 
71; influence of missions on benevolence, 87 ; 
touching the right key, 89; she hath done 
what she could, 89, 124; a sick girl’s gift, 90; 
Tarsus, with engraving, 97; concurrent views 
of mission policy, 99 ; letter to theological stu- 
dents, 102; farewell letter from Mr. Coan, 104; 
a missionary deficit prevented, 105 ; commer- 
cial value of missions, 121; another case of 
well doing, 123; ruins of Pompeiopolis, with 
engraving, 129; Western India native Chris- 
tian Alliance, 129 ; Sandwich Islands matters, 
152; a Brahmin’s testimony, 154; then and 
now in Cej’lon, 155; Baiboort, with engrav- 
ing, 161;; woman’s opportunity, 167; Albert 
Barnes and the native ministry in Turkey, 
168; Lord Lawrence on missions in India, 
186; road building and oppression in Turkey, 
188; to Lystra and Derbe, with engravings, 
193 and 225 ; an appeal which should be heard, 
196; Christian giving, 200; self-support in 
Bassein, 202; exaggerated reports, 204; the 
proper aim of missions — missionary courtesy, 
220; David Zeisberger, 226; incomes of Brit- 
ish societies, 246; letter from Mr. Coan, 251; 
Joseph, the Gilbert Island translator, 252; tes- 
timony to missionaries, 253; a Methodist con- 
ference in India, 253; the Bible in Austria, 
253 ; Cesarea, with engraving, 257 ; Dr. 
Wood’s letter of resignation, 260; the gospel 
and progress in Africa, 283; Romish and 
Protestant missionaries in China, 284; old 
palace, Madura, 289 ; questions of mission 
policy, 290; appeal from Japan, 292; conver- 
sion and death of Moshesh, 311; a Christian- 
ized feast in Micronesia, 312; a generous gift, 
313; the new work, 336, 348; Satara, with en- 
gravings, 369; the new work of the Board, 
370; the Waldenses of Italy, 379; the Morn- 
ing Star, 394; timely help, 395. 

Monthly concert — how to conduct it, 13. 

Morning Star , The — letter to the children, 15, 60 ; 
the launching, 70; the sailing, 106; at Hono- 
lulu, 272; sailing from Honolulu, 365. 

Moravian missions, 115 ; ditto in Thibet, 389. 

Mosul — ordination at, 111; progress, 174. 

Nicomedia station, 40; desiring the Scriptures, 
40; call for an associate, 40. 

North China mission, 9, 19, 47, 80, 113, 178 208, 
242, 272, 297, 351, 385; annual survey, 9; the 
prospect, 19, effort for new stations, 47, 81, 83, 
113 ; indemnity, 80 ; executions, 80 ; interesting 
case, 82; items, 83; new station — good pros- 
pects at Yu-Cho, 113, 179, 352; first year in 
China, 178 ; disturbance — good conduct of 
Christians, 178 ; baptisms, 178 : work for 
women, 178; new attitude of government, 
208, 351; matters at Tientsin, 208, 352; mis- 
sionary devotion, 209, 272 ; expedition to 
Corla, 209; an inquirer — the Sabbath diffi- 
culty, 209; heathen ceremonies, 210; baptism 
at Kalgan — a helper beaten, 210; chronicles 
of Yii-Cho, 242; skepticism — inquirers — 
opium smokers, 272; return to the field — out- 
look, 297 ; extract from mission report, 297 ; 
New Testament in the spoken language, 351; 
visits to Cho Cho, 352; the enlightening Spirit, 
353; seed grain, 353; long tour to the south- 
west, 354; a decayed Buddhist temple, 354; 
truth widely scattered, 354; opium, 355; Co- 
rean matters, 385; the flood at Tientsin, 386; 
sad apostasy — ground for hope, 387. 

Obituary notices — Miss Roseltha A. Norcross 



INDEX. 



V 



53; Rev. H. S. Taylor, 132; Rev. W. F. Wil- 
liams, 162; Miss Mary E. Reynolds, 247; Rev. 
Marshall P. Sanders, 373; Rev. Thornton B. 
Penfield, 376. 

Ojibwa mission — transfer of, 1. 

Oodoopitty station, 44. 

Oodooville station, 46. 

Other societies and missions, 49, 114, 146, 179, 
244, 273, 361, 388 ; incomes, 246. 

Palu, 214. 

Partek, 213. 

Persia — mission to, 6, 69, 182; annual survey, 
6; transferred, 69: self support, 182; interest 
among Mohammedans, 183. 

Presbyterian Board of Missions, 49, 182, 244. 

Redwan, 78, 112. 

Reformed (Dutch) Board of Missions, 362. 

Samokov station, 37, 262; progress at Bansko, 
37, 262. 

Samsoon, 107, 108. 

Sandwich Islands mission, 10, 152, 393; annual 
survey, 10 ; various matters at the Islands, 152; 
letter from Mr. Coan, 393. 

Satara, with engravings, 369. 

Seneca mission — transfer of. 1. 

Sert, 110, 176. 

Sivas -tation, 38, 145, 265 ; interest at Manjuluk, 
38; church formed at Gurun — ordination, 39; 
out-stations, 145; good news from Gurun — 
school for girls wanted, 265; opposition, 265; 
Derende — other places, 266. 

Smyrna station, 106; work at Manissa, 106; 
laborers few, 107. 

South American Missionary Society, 146. 

Southern Presbyterian Board of Missions, 274. 

Summary of missions of the Board, 11. 

Sungurlu, 170; ordination, 170. 

Syria mission — transfer of, 1. 

Talas, 171. 

Turke}*, European mission, 4. 37, 146, 262, 360, 
380; annual survey, 4; a call from Macedonia, 
360 ; first church formed — first pastor ordained, 
380; snow in summer — the Bible, 381. See 
stations — Eski Zagra and Samokov. 

Turkey, Western mission, 4, 22, 38, 73, 106,145, 
170, 214, 265, 301, 357 ; annual survey, 4. See 
stations — Smyrna, Manissa, Broosa, Nicome- 
dia, Marsovan, Cesarea, and Sivas. 

Turkey, Central mission, 5, 143, 172, 231, 381; 



annual survey, 5; letter from Dr. Clark, 231; 
preparation for the Spirit’s work, 382; injuri- 
ous English efforts, 383. See stations — Ain- 
tab, Marash, Antioch, and Adana. 

Turke3 r , Eastern mission, 6, 21, 41, 74, 109, 141, 
174, 213, 267, 355; annual survey, 6; tour in 
Koordistan, 109. See stations -^THarpoot, 
Erzroom, Bitll^TIhd Mardin. 

United Presbyterian Church of North America 

— its missions, 52; tfie mission in Egypt, 198. 

United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, 275. 

Van, 21, 213; the opening, 21 ; plans for occu- 
pying, 213. 

Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society, 147. 

Woman’s Board of missions — annual meeting, 
53; receipts, 24, 55, 85, 119, 150, 185, 218. 249, 
280, 309. 363, 392. 

Woman’s Work, 23, 53, 83, 116, 150, 184, 216, 
247, 277, 307, 363, 390 ; encouragement at Man- 
dapasalai, 23; prayer-meetings at Harpoot, 24; 
obituary notice of Miss Norcross, 53, 118; let- 
ter from Miss Taylor, 83 ; labors in Ceylon, 85 ; 
letter from Miss Parmelee, 117 ; openings in 
Central Turkey, 118 ; a faithful laborer missed, 
118; prospects at Madura, 150; letter from 
Mrs. Coding, 184; journal of Mrs. Bruce, 216; 
darkness and liglit, 217 ; letter from Mrs. 
Harding, of Bombay, 277 ; two pages from 
my journal — a contrast, by Mrs, Bruce, 278; 
cheering report from Cesarea, 307 ; Mrs. Ed- 
wards’ school — Zulus, 308; death of a pupil 
at Oodoopitty, 309; Woman’s Board at Hono- 
lulu, 309; girls’ boarding-school at Aintab, 
390; Mrs. Chandler’s school at Madura, 391; 
Bible-women at Ahmednuggur, 392. 

Work in nominally Christian lands — action of 
the Board, 336. 

Yii-cho, 113, 179, 242, 352, 385, 387. 

Zinjirdere, 171. 

Zulu mission, 3, 72, 135, 244, 261, 306, 387 ; an- 
nual survey, 3 ; boys' school, 72 ; Umbiana, 72 ; 
ordination at Inanda, 135; moving onward, 
136: death of a teacher, 244; letter from Mr. 
Wilder — welcome reception — good effect of 
absence — poverty of the people, 261; touring 

— visits to chiefs, 306; itinerating, 387; meet- 
ing of native Christians — liberality, 388 ; pros- 
pects, 387. 



INDEX TO NAMES OF PERSONS. 



The following Index contains the Names of the Missionaries and Assistant Missionaries whose communications 
are inserted in this volume, and those about whom information is given. 



Abbott, Amos, 7. 

Abbott, Mrs., 7. 

Abraham, Andrew, 4. 

Abraham, Mrs., 4. 

Adams, Lucien H., 5, 33, 97, 
129, 144, 193, 225. 

Adams, Mrs., 5. 

Agnew, Miss Eliza, 8. 
Alexander, W. P., 10. 

Allen, 0. P., 6, 188. 

Allen, Mrs., 6, 188. 

Andrews, Miss Mary E., 8. 
Andrus, Alpheus N., 6, 163, 175. 
Andrus, Mrs., 6. 

Atkinson, William H., 7, 140. 
Atkinson, Mrs., 7. 

Baker, Miss Isabella C., 6. 
Baldwin, C. C., 9. 

Baldwin, Mrs., 9. 

Baldwin, Dwight, 10. 

Baldwin, Theodore A., 4, 106, 
298, 301. 

Baldwin, Mrs., 4. 

Ball, J. N., 1. 

Ball, Mrs., 4. 

Barnum, Henry S., 6, 213. 
Barnum, Mrs., 6. 

Barnum, Herman N., 6, 41, 
162, 188, 247. 

Barnum, Mrs., 6. 

Barrows, John Otis, 4, 214, 257, 
357. 

Barrows, Mrs., 4. 

Bartlett, Lyman, 4, 170. 
Bartlett, Mrs., 4. 

Beach, Miss Minnie C., 4. 
Bingham, Hiram, Jr., 10, 17, 
48, 365. 

Bingham, Mrs., 10, 365. 

Bissell, Lemuel, 7, 176. 

Bissell, Mrs., 7. 

Bliss, E. K., 4. 

Bliss, Mrs., 4. 

Bliss, Miss Flavia L.,4. 
Blodget, H., 9, 80, 83, 209, 272, 
351, 385. 

Blodget, Mrs., 9. 

Bond, Elias, 10. 

Bond, Lewis, 4, 118, 146. 

Bond, Mrs., 4. 

Bridgman, Mrs. E. J., 9. 
Bridgman, Henry M., 3. 
Bridgman, Mrs., *3. 



Bruce, Henry J., 6, 140. 

Bruce, Mrs. ,"6, 216, 278. 
Burbank, Lvsander T., 6. 
Burbank, Mrs., 6. 

Burnell, T. S., 8, 365. 

Burnell, Mrs., 8, 365. 

Bush, Miss Caroline E., 6. 
Bushnell, Albert, 1. 

Capron, William B., 8, 80, 133, 
136, 300. 

Capron. Mrs., 8. 

Chandler, J. E., 7, 42, 391. 
Chandler, Mrs., 7, 391. 

Chapin, Lyman Dwight, 9, 188, 
297 313. 

Chapin, Mrs., 9, 188, 313. 
Chapin, Miss Jane E., 188, 313. 
Chester, Edward, 7. 

Chester. Mrs., 7. 

Clark, E. W., 10. 

Clarke, James F., 4, 262, 365. 
Clarke, Mrs., 4, 365. 

| Clarke, Miss Ursula C., 4. 
Closson, Miss Sarah A., 4. 

Coan, G. W., 6. 

Coan, Mrs., 6. 

Coan, Titus, 104, 251, 393. 
Cochran, J. G., 6, 182. 

Cochran, Mrs., 6. 

Coding, Mrs. J. L., 5, 184. 

Cole, Koval M., 6, 74, 141, 267. 
Cole, Mrs., 6. 

Davis, Jerome D., 396. 

Davis, Mrs., 396. 

Day, Miss Laura A., 7, 28. 
Dean, Miss N. J., 6. 

De Rierner, Wm. E., 8, 45, 85. 
238. 

De Kiemer, Mrs., 8. 

Diament, Miss Naomi, 9. 

Doane, E. T., 10, 18, 233, 282, 
312. 

Doane, Mrs., 10, 253, 365. 

Dole, Daniel, 10. 

Dwight, H. O., 4. 

Dwight, Mrs., 4. 

Dwight, Miss Cornelia P., 124. 

Edwards, Mrs. Mary K., 3, 308. 
Ely, Miss Charlotte E., 6. 

Ely, Miss Mary A. C., 6. 



Fairbank, Samuel B., 7, 221, 
365. 

Fairbank, Mrs., 7, 221, 365. 
Farnsworth, W. A., 4, 29, 39. 
Farnsworth, Mrs., 4. 

Forbes, Anderson O., 10. 
Fritcher, Miss Eliza, 4, 22. 

Giles, Mrs. Elizabeth, 4. 

, Goodrich, Chauncey, 9, 47, 113, 
347. 

Goodrich, Mrs., 9. 

Green, S. F., 8. 

Green, Mrs., 8. 

Greene, Daniel Crosby, 10, 205. 
Greene, Mrs., 10. 

Greene, Joseph K., 4, 189, 253. 
Greene, Mrs., 4, 189, 253. 
Griswold, Miss Ardelle Maria, 
4. 

Grout, Aldin, 4. 

Grout, Mrs., 4. 

Gulick, Luther H., 347, 370. 
Gulick, Oramel H., 10, 124, 
206, 293, 349. 

Gulick, Mrs., 10, 124. 

Gulick, John T., 9, 347. 

Gulick, Mrs., 9. 

Gulick, William H., 370. 

Hance, Miss Gertrude R., 4, 28. 
Harding, Charles, 7, 211. 
Harding, Mrs., 7, 277. 

Hartley, Miss Carrie, 8. 
Hartwell, Charles, 9, 383. 
Hartwell, Mrs., 9. 

Haskell, Henry C., 4, 54, 263. 
Haskell, Mrs., 4, 53. 

Hastings, E. P., 8. 

Hastings, Mrs., 8. 

Hazen, Allen, 7. 

Hazen, Mrs., 7. 

Hazen, Hervev C., 8. 

Hazen, Mrs., 8. 

Herrick, George F., 4, 43. 
Herrick, Mrs., 4. 

Herrick, James, 7, 133, 240. 
Herrick, Mrs., 7. 

Hillis, Miss Hester A., 8. 
Hitchcock, Milan H., 4. 
Hitchcock, Mrs., 4. 

Holcombe, Chester, 9, 47, 81, 
352. 

Holcombe, Mrs., 9. 



Vlll 



IXDEX. 



Holcombe. Gilbert T., 9. 
Hollister, Miss Mary G., 5. 
Howland, W. W., 8. 

Howland, Mrs., 8. 

Hunt, P. R., 9. 

Hunt, Mrs., 9. 

Ireland, TV., 3, 244. 

Ireland, Mrs., 3. 

Knapp, George C., 6, 21, 143. 
Knapp, Mrs., 6. 

Labaree, Benjamin, Jr., 6, 21. 
Labaree, Mrs., 6. 

Lafromboise, Miss Julia A., 11. 
396. 

Leonard, Julius Y., 4, 22, 107. 
Leonard, Mrs., 4. 

Lindley, Daniel, 3, 135. 
Lindley, Mrs., 3. 

Livingston, William W., 4, 
328. 

Livingston, Mrs.. 4. 

Lloyd, Mrs. Katharine, 4. 
Locke, Edwin, 4, 37, 360. 
Locke, Mrs., 4. 

Lyman, D. B., 10. 

Lyons, Lorenzo, 10, 152. 

Maltbie, Miss Esther T., 4, 28, 
59. 

Marden, Henry, 5. 

Marden, Mrs., 5. 

McCoy, Daniel C., 9. 

McCoy, Mrs., 9. 

Mellen, William, 3. 

Mellen, Mrs., 3. 

Montgomery, Giles F., 5. 
Montgomery, Mrs., 5. 

Morris, Willvs K., 11. 

Morris, Mrs., 11. 

Morse, Charles F., 4. 

Morse, Mrs., 4. 

Mumford, Mrs. Anna V., 365. 

Norcross, Miss Roseltha A., 1, 
29. 53, 118. 

Noyes, J. T., 8, 43, 271, 347. 
Noyes, Mrs., 8. 

Nutting, David H., 5. 

Nutting, Mrs., 5. 

'Osgood, D. W., 9. 

Osgood, Mrs., 9. 

Page, Henry P., 4, 380. 

Page,. Mrs., 4. 

Palmer, Henry K., 7, 137, 270. 
Palmer, Mrs., 7. 

Paris, John D., 10, 153. 

Park, Charles W., 7, 28. 

Park, Mrs., 7, 28. 

Parker, B. TV., 10. 

Parmelee, Moses P., 6, 65, 161, 
284, 396. 

Parmelee, Mrs., 1, 284, 396. 
Parpielee, Miss Olive L., 6, 117. 
Parsons, J. W., 4, 40. 

Parsons, Mrs., 4. 

Patrick, Miss Mary M., 284, 
396. 

Pavson, Miss Adelia M., 9, 299. 
Peet, Lyman B., 9, 328. 

Peet, Mrs., 9. 

Penfield, Thornton B., 7, 365, 
376. 

Penfield, Mrs., 7. 



Perkins, Justin, 6. 

Perkins, Mrs., 6. 

Perry, Henry T., 5, 285, 381. 
Perry, Mrs., 5, 285. 

Pettibone, Ira F., 4. 

Pierce, John E., 6, 113, 175, 
356. 

Pierce, Mrs., 6. 

Pierson, Isaac, 9, 28, 59, 352. 
Pinkerton, Myron TV., 285. 
Pinkerton, Mrs., 285. 

Pixley, Stephen C., 3. 

Pixley, Mrs., 3. 

Pogue, John F., 10, 153. 
Pollock, Miss Sarah, 7. 

Pond, Edward R., 11. 

Pond, Mrs., 11. 

Pond, Theodore S., 6, 109, 174. 
Pond, Airs., 6. 

Porter, Miss Mary H., 9. 

Powers, P. O., 5, 118, 143, 172. 
Powers. Miss Harriet G., 5, 
217. ' 

Pratt, A. T., 4. 

Pratt, Mrs., 4. 

Proctor, Miss Myra A., 5, 390. 

Quick, James, 8. 

Quick, Mrs., 8. 

Rappleye, Miss Julia A., 4, 28. 
Ravnolds, George C., 6, 112, 
162. 

Raynolds, Airs., 6. 

Rendall, John, 7. 43, 134, 383. 
Rendall, Aliss Alary E., 8. 
Revnolds, Aliss Alarv E., 221, 
247. 

Rhea, Airs. Sarah J., 6. 

I Rice, Aliss Alary S., 6. 

! Richardson, Sandford, 4, 172. 
Richardson, Airs., 4. 

Riggs, Elias. 4. 

Riggs, Airs., 4. 

Riggs, Stephen R., 11, 71. 
Riggs, Edward, 4, 38, 145. 
Riggs, Airs., 4. 

Riggs, Alfred L., 11. 

Riggs, Airs., 11. 

Robbins, Elijah, 3, 306, 387. 
Robbins, Airs., 3. 

Rood, David, 3. 

Rood, Airs., 3. 

Sanders, Al. D., 8, 188, 313, 
366, 373. 

Sanders, Airs., 8, 188, 313. 
Schauffler, Henry A., 4, 247, 
347. 

Schauffler, Airs., 4. 

Schneider, B., 4, 73. 

Schneider, Airs., 4. 

Seymour, Aliss Hattie, 6. 
Shearman, Aliss Julia A., 4, 28. 
Shedd, John H.. 6. 

Shedd, Airs.. 6. 

Sheffield, D.' Z., 9, 20, 178. 
Sheffield, Airs., 9. 

Smith, James W., 10. 

Smith' John F., 4, 109. 

Smith, Airs., 4. 

Smith, J. C., 8. 

Smith, Airs., 8. 

Smith, Thomas S., 188, 313. 
Smith, Airs., 188, 313. 

Smith, Lowell, 10. 

Smith, Aliss Rosella A.. 7. 
Snow, B. G., 10, 253, 272, 284. 



Snow, Airs., 10, 253, 284. 
Spaulding, Levi, 8. 

Spaulding, Airs., 8. 

Stanlev, Charles A., 9, 19, 80, 
352, 386. 

Stanley, Airs., 9. 

Stone, S. B., 3, 328. 

Stone, Airs., 3. 

Sturges, A. A., 10, 253, 284, 
365. 

Sturges, Airs., 10. 

! Taylor, H. S., 7, 20, 23, 132. 
Taylor, Airs., 7, 289. 

Taylor, Aliss Alartha S., 7, 83. 
Thayer, C. C., 5. 

Thayer, Airs., 5. 

i Thompson, Thomas W., 9, 113. 
Thompson, Aliss Alary A., 9. 
Townsbend, Aliss Harriet E., 8, 
309. 

Tracy, William, 8, 79, 150, 269. 
Tracy. Airs., 8. 
i Tracey, Charles C., 4. 

Tracy, Airs., 4. 

Tracy, Aliss Rebecca D., 4. 
Treat. Alfred O., 9, 47, 113, 
179,' 208, 242, 352, 387. 
Trowbridge, T. C., 5, 102, 168, 
173, 382. 

Trowbridge, Airs., 5. 

Tyler, Josiah, 3, 72, 311, 347. 
Tyler, Airs., 3. 

' Van Duzee, Aliss Cvrene, 6. 

I Van Norden, T. L.,*6. 

Van Norden, Airs., 6. 

Wadsworth, Aliss Alarv L., 189, 
253. 

Walker, William, 1, 328. 
Warfield, Aliss Alary E., 1. 
Washburn, George* T., 7, 137, 
270. 

Washburn, Airs., 7. 

Wells, Spencer R., 7, 88. 

I Wells, Airs., 7. 
j West, Henry S., 4, 265. 

West, Airs., 4. 

West, Aliss Alaria A., 6. 
Wheeler, Crosby H., 6, 77, 355. 
Wheeler, Airs., 6, 24. 

Whiting, Joseph L., 9. 

| Whiting, Airs., 9. 

Whitney, Joel F., 254, 284, 365. 
j Whitney, Airs., 254, 284, 365. 
j Wilder, H. A., 4, 28, 261. 
Wilder, Airs., 4, 28. 

Williams, TV. F., 6, 134, 162. 
Williams, Airs., 6. 

Williams, Aiark, 9, 19, 210. 385. 
! Williams, Airs., 9. 

Williams, Aliss Alary S., 124. 

| Williamson, T. S., 11. 

Williamson, Airs., 11. 
j Williamson, Aliss Jane S., 11. 
Williamson, John P. 11, 72, 
135. 

j Williamson, Airs., 11. 

Winsor, Richard, 7, 124. 
TVinsor, Airs., 7, 324. 

Wood, G. TV., 124, 260. 

Wood, Airs., 124. 

Wood, Aliss Sarah L., 5, 28. 
Wood, William, 7, 369. 

Wood, Airs., 7. 

Woodin, Simeon F., 9, 347. 

I Woodin, Airs., 9. 



MISSIONARY HERALD. 



Vol. LXVIL— JANUARY, 1871. — No. I. 

ANNUAL SURVEY OF THE MISSIONS OF THE BOARD. 

The year 1870 will be remembered, in the history of foreign missions con- 
ducted by American Christians, as the year in which the long-continued co- 
operation of a large section of the Presbyterian body with the Congrega- 
tionalists, in the prosecution of this work, was terminated in the case of many 
individuals, by the reunion of the Old School and New School Presbyterian 
churches ; and the year in which, because of this reunion, some missions of the 
American Board were transferred to the care of the Presbyterian Board of 
Missions. The missions thus already transferred are those to the Seneca and 
Ojibwa Indians, to Syria, and the Gaboon. The last, however, has been, up 
to this time, in the absence of Mr. Bushnell, in charge of Mr. Walker, whose 
connection is still with the American Board. Most of the missionaries to Per- 
sia, it is supposed, will soon be transferred also, but up to the time of preparing 
this survey the change has not been made. 

Some changes of the year among individual laborers should be mentioned 
here. The venerable Dr. Perkins, the “ father ” of the Nestorian mission, hav- 
ing returned to the United States to spend his declining days, found those days 
few. He died on the 81st of December, 1869, but after the “ survey ” for that 
year was in print. Mr. Ball, also, who had returned in feeble health from 
Western Turkey, and three excellent and much prized women, Mrs. Parmelee 
and Miss Warfield, of Eastern Turkey, and Miss Norcross, of European Turkey, 
have been removed from earthly labors and cares. These are all the deaths 
that are known to have occurred within the year, among the Board’s missionaries. 
Three ordained laborers, with their wives, have been released from connection 
with the Board, the health of the families not permitting a continuance of for- 
eign service, namely, Messrs. Abbott, of the Mahratta mission, White of Madura, 
and Quick of Ceylon. Only four new ordained missionaries have been sent to 
the fields. Messrs. Park and Winsor to the Mahrattas, Pierson to North China, 
and A. L. Riggs to the Dakota*. One male assistant, Mr. Morris, has also joined 
the Dakota mission. The new women sent are fourteen, — Mrs. Park, Mrs. 
Winsor, Mrs. Riggs, and Mrs. Morris ; Misses Hance and Day to the Zulus, 
Misses Rappleye and Shearman to Western Turkey, Miss Bush to Eastern, Miss 

VOL. LX VI r . " 1 



[January, 



2 Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 

Wood to Central, and Miss Maltbie to European Turkey, Miss Rendall to Ma- 
dura, Miss Hillis to Ceylon, and Miss Diament to Forth China. Of ihose who 
were on a visit to this country a year ago, Mr. and Mrs. Wilder of the Zulu 
mission, Mr. and Mrs. Leonard and Miss Fritcher of Western Turkey, Mr. and 
Mrs. Tracy and Mr. Rendall of Madura, have returned to their several fields; 
but others have found it necessary to come, for a time, to their native land. 

For other purposes of this brief notice, some of the statements made in the 
General Survey of the Missions presented at the annual meeting of the Board 
at Brooklyn, may be given in a condensed form. In a review of the year, en- 
couragement is found mainly in three directions, — the development and train- 
ing of an efficient native ministry ; the success which has attended efforts to 
reach the women in the different mission fields ; and the healthful growth of the 
native churches, in numbers, independence, and a sense of responsibility for the 
progress of the gospel. 

Including the missions which, near the close of the year, were transferred to 
the Presbyterian Board, the whole number of native laborers in connection with 
the different missions the past year was 1,095, an increase of over a hundred 
upon the previous year. Of these, 119 are pastors, and 327 preachers; the re- 
mainder teachers, eolporters, and Bible-readers ; but all educated in the various 
schools and seminaries, and, in point of education and character, holding about 
the same relative position to the people among whom they labor that similar 
classes do at home. 

Forty-five young men completed their theological studies, — seven at Wailuku 
in the Hawaiian Islands, nine in the Madura mission, seven in Ceylon, and 
twenty-two at Harpoot. The number now in mission training-schools and 
seminaries, looking forward to the work of the ministry, is nearly if not quite 
equal to that in theological seminaries belonging to the constituency of the Board 
at home. The object in these institutions is, primarily, to raise up able expound- 
ers of Bible truth, and faithful pastors. Some of the graduates of the semina- 
ries in India and Ceylon, as well as in Western Asia, have a high reputation 
among the missionaries as scholars and thinkers, and are often called to aid in 
the translation of the Scriptures, and in other literary labors; while many are 
highly esteemed as orators, and as earnest, effective preachers of the gospel. 

Some time must be allowed to educate men wlio have all their lives been 
subject to the bondage of political and priestly power, to the wise conduct of 
their own ecclesiastical affairs. The results, however, thus far, of efforts in this 
direction in our mission fields, have exceeded the most sanguine hopes. The 
Evangelical Association in the Hawaiian Islands, the Evangelical Unions in the 
Armenian missions, in India and Ceylon, have shown a practical good sense 
and an ability that would do honor to older bodies in this country, and amply 
justify the missionaries in passing over to them, at the earliest practical mo- 
ment, the entire responsibility for what may be termed the home w T ork of the 
native churches. The presence of the missionary will for a time be required, 
not for the exercise of authority, but of love and wise counsel, for the sake of 
that practical wisdom that becomes a part of the common sense of those reared 
amid free Christian institutions. But a native agency, well educated and guided 
by wise counsels, is our great reliance, next to the Spirit of God, for the success 
of the mission work. 



187 L] Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 3 

The addition of 1,580 members during the year, to the mission churches 
(numbering 238, with 24,142 members when the year closed for which the mis- 
sions reported), and the increase of native pastors from 106 to 119, are facts to 
be noticed with gratitude. Of not less moment to the progress of the mission 
work has been the general advance in the direction of independence and self- 
support. The sixty- nine churches in the Armenian missions have raised their 
contributions for Christian objects over twenty- five per cent. — from fifteen 
to nineteen thousand dollars. More than a third of these churches are self- 
supporting, and all bear a part of their own expenses. An advance of forty 
per cent, upon the contributions of the previous year was made by the native 
churches in the Madura and Ceylon missions. In the Foochow and Zulu mis- 
sions, a beginning in the right direction has been made. The fifty-eight Hawai- 
ian churches support their own ministry, build their own houses of worship, 
sustain mission labor among the Chinese immigrants, and contribute liberally 
for the work in Micronesia and the Marquesas Islands. The entire amount 
contributed by the native Christian communities, not including much free labor 
in school and church building, is about sixty thousand dollars in gold, or one 
sixth of the sum contributed for foreign missions by all the churches acting 
through the American Board. 

It has been the practice of the Board, from the first, to send out single ladies 
wherever they could be employed to advantage, and within the last few years 
the way has been opened for direct missionary labor in behalf of women, as 
never before; and the number of single ladies in the field has been increased, 
so that now there are more than forty. The seventeen boarding-schools for 
girls in the missions still connected with the Board, all but two in charge of 
single ladies, assisted by native teachers, contain over five hundred pupils. And 
while the wisest economy of missionary funds and labor may limit the work of 
our female missionaries largely to the training of native laborers, much is now 
done by them, both the single and married, in visiting from house to house, in 
holding meetings for prayer and instruction, and in the superintendence of native 
Bible-women. On the whole, prospects were never more cheering had we fit 
men, in sufficient numbers, to follow up the advantages gained. Ten men are 
needed at once, in as many different fields, in theological schools; and-three 
times as many could find instant designation, to strengthen the hands of over- 
taxed brethren at old stations, and to enter upon new and inviting fields, such 
as belong to the healthful growth of the work. 



AFRICA. 

ZULUS. (1835.) 

(Southeastern Africa, near Port Natal.) 

Umzumbi (Oom-zoom'-by. — About 80 miles S. W. 
of Port Natal). — Elijah Robbins, llenry M. Bridgman, 
Missionaries ; Mrs. Addie B. Robbins, Mrs. Laura B. 
Bridgman. — Rufus Anderson, native pastor; one na- 
tive teacher. 

Umtwalumi (Oom - twah -loo / - my. — About 70 miles 
S. W. of Port Natal). — Three native preachers and 
one teacher. 

Ifafa (Ee-fah'-fah — About 60 miles S. W. of Port 
Natal). — Seth B. Stone, Missionary ; Mrs. Catharine 
M. Stone. — One native preacher and one teacher. 

Amahlongwa (Ah-mah-thlong'-wah. — About 43 
miles S. W. of Port Natal). — One native preacher. 



Ifumi (Ee-foo'-my. — About 35 miles S. W. of Port 
Natal). — Usingapanzi, native pastor, and one teacher. 

Amanzimtote (Ah - mahn - zeem-to ty. — About 22 
miles S. W. of Port Natal). — David Rood, William 
Ireland, Stephen 0. Pixley, Missionaries; Mrs. Alzina 

V. Rood, Mrs. R. Oriana Ireland, Mrs. Louisa Pixley. 
— Two preachers and two teachers. 

Inanda (Ee-nahn'-dah. — About 20 miles N. W. of 
Port Natal). — Daniel Lindley, Missionary; Mrs. Lucy 
A. Lindley, Mrs. Mary K. Edwards. — Three preach- 
ers and one teacher. 

Umsunduzi (Oom - soon - doo ' -zy. — About 30 miles 

W. of N. from Port Natal). — William Mellen, Mis- 
sionary ; Mrs. Laurana W. Mellen. — One teacher. 

Esidumbini (A-see-doom-bee'-ny. — About 40 miles 
W. of N. from Port Natal). — Josiah Tyler, Mission- 
ary ; Mrs. Susan W. T^ ler. — One teacher. 



4 Annual Survey of the 

Umvoti (Oom-vo'-ty. — About 40 miles N. N. E. 
of Port Natal). — Five teachers. 

Mapcmulo (Mah-poo-moo'-lo. — About 55 miles N. 
of Port Natal). — Andrew Abraham, Missionary ; Mrs. 
Sarah L. Abraham. 



Missions of the Board. [January, 

In this Country. — Aldin Grout, Missionary ; Mrs. 
Charlotte B. Grout. 

Station not reported. — Hyman A. TFilder. Mission- 
ary ; Mrs. Abby T. Wilder, Miss Laura A. Day, Miss 
Gertrude R. Hance. 



Mr. and Mrs. Wilder sailed from New York in July last, on their return 
to the field, and were accompanied by Misses Day and Hance, new laborers. 
Mrs. Lloyd is married to a son of Mr. Lindley, and has removed beyond the 
limits of the mission field, but hopes still to do much, as heretofore, for the edu- 
cation and elevation of the people. Mr. Grout, after thirty-five years of earnest 
labor in connection with this mission, too feeble to continue his labors, has re- 
turned to the United States. 

The present state of the churches in this field is in some respects trying to 
the missionaries, but cheering progress has been made of late in the direction 
of a native pastorate and self-support. Two natives were ordained as pastors 
in May and June last; and, in connection with the seminaries, more effort is to 
be made to raise up men and women fitted for Christian work. Twenty-eight 
members were added to the churches during the last year reported, making the 
whole number of members 493 at the close of the year. Some have been added 
since, and one new church has been organized, making 12. Tiie two semina- 
ries have been in a very satisfactory condiiion, that for males having 35 and that 
for females 24 pupils. There are 18 common schools, with 483 pupils. 



EUROPEAN TURKEY AND WEST- 
ERN ASIA. 

WESTERN TURKEY. (1826.) 

Constantinople. — Literary Department fcrr the 
four Turkey Missions: Elias Riggs, D. D , Edwin E. 
Bliss, D. D., Andrew T. Pratt, M. 1) , Missionaries ; 
Mrs. Martha J. Riggs, Mrs. Isabella H. Bliss, Mrs. Sa- 
rah F. Pratt. General Missionary Work: I. Fayette 
Pettibone, Milan H. Hitchcock, Missionaries; Mr. H. 
0. Dwight, Secular Agent; Mrs. Lucy A. Hitchcock, 
Mrs. Mary A. Dwight, Miss Julia A. Rappleye. — One 
native pastor, two teachers, and two other helpers. 

Smtrna (About 200 miles S. W. of Constantino- 
ple). — Theodore A. Baldwin, Missionary ; Mrs. Matil- 
da J. Baldwin. — One school teacher. 

Broo'sa (57 miles S. S. E. of Constantinople). — 
Benjamin Schneider, D. D., Sanford Richardson, Mis- 
sionaries ; Mrs. Susan M. Schneider, Mrs. Rhoda Ann 
Richardson, Miss Ursula C. Clarke. — One pastor and 
two teachers. 

Nicome'dia (55 miles E. S. E. of Constantinople). — 
Justin W. Parsons, Missionary ; Mrs. Catherine Par- 
aons . — One licensed preacher, one teacher, and one 
other helper. 

Marsovan (Mar-so-vahnC — About 350 miles E. of 
Constantinople). — J ulius Y. Leonard, John F. Smith, 
Charles 0. Tracy, George F. Herrick, Missionaries: 
Mrs. Amelia A. Leonard, Mrs. Laura Elizabeth Smith, 
Mrs. L. A. Tracy, Mrs. Helen M. Herrick, Miss Eliza 
Fritcher, Miss Flavia S. Bliss. — Four teachers and one 
other helper. 

Cesare'a (370 miles E. S. E. of Constantinople). 

Wilson A. Farnsworth, Lyman Bartlett, John O. 

BaTrows, Missionaries ; Mrs. Caroline E. Farnsworth, 



Mrs. Cornelia C. Bartlett, Mrs. Elizabeth Giles, Mrs. 
Clara S. Barrows, Miss Sarah A. Closson, Miss Ardelle 
M. Griswold. — One pastor and two teachers. 

Sivas (Se-vahs'. — 400 miles S. of E. from Con- 
stantinople). - — Edward Riggs, Missionary ; Henry S. 
West, M.D., Missionary Pnysician ; Mrs. Sarah H. 
Riggs, Mrs. Lottie M. West. — One licensed preacher, 
two teachers, and one other helper. 

On the way to Turkey. — Miss Julia A. Shearman. 

In this Country. — Joseph K. Greene, William W. 
Livingston, Henry A. Schauffler, Missionaries ; Mrs. 
Elizabeth A. Greene, Mrs. Martha E. Livingston, Mrs. 
Martha A. Ball, Mrs. Clara E. Schauffler. 

EUROPEAN TURKEY. (1858 ) 

Adriano'ple (137 miles W. N. W. of Constantino- 
ple). — Vacant. — One licensed preacher and one 
helper. 

Eski Zagra (Ks-kee-Zagh'-rah. — 200 miles N. W. of 
Constantinople^. — Lewis Bond, Jr., Missionary ; Mrs. 
Fannie G. Bond, Miss H sther T. Maltbie. — Two teach- 
ers and three other helpers. 

Philippopolis (Phil-ip-po / -po-lis. — 225 miles W. N. 
W. of Constantinople). — Henry C. Ha>kell, Mission- 
ary ; Mrs. Margaret B. Haskell, Miss Miunie C. Beach. 
— One teacher, and four other helpers. 

Samokov (300 miles W. N. W. of Constantinople). — 
W. Edwin Locke, Henry P. Page, Missionaries ; Mrs. 
Zoe A. M. Locke, Mrs. Mary A. Page. — One licensed 
preacher and two helpers. 

In this Country. — Charles F Morse, James F. Clarke, 
Missionaries ; Mrs. Eliza D. Morse, Mrs. Isabella G. 
Clarke. 



As the Western Turkey mission and the mission to European Turkey were 
one during a portion of the past year, and when the last statistics were forwarded, 
they may be noticed here together. 

Some changes have occurred among the laborers. Mr. and Mrs. Leonard 
and Miss Fritcher have returned, with restored health, to Marsovan ; Miss Tracy 



1871.] 



5 



Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 

has married and left the mission work; Messrs. Herrick and Baldwin have re- 
moved from Constantinople to other stations ; Misses Rappleye and Maltbie 
sailed for the field in October,. — the first for Constantinople, the last for Eski 
Zagra, — and Miss Shearman in December. Intelligence of the death of Miss 
Norcross, of Eski Zagra, has just been received. 

The embarrassments of missionaries at Constantinople have still been great, 
the Vlanga church has been rent by difficulties, and the whole Protestant com- 
munity agitated ; but there is reason to hope that a better state of feeling is 
returning. At some other stations, especially at Marsovan, the year has been 
one of much encouragement. Statistical returns show, in the two missions, 
21 churches, 876 members, — 81 received during the year, — 9 pastors, and 16 
licensed preachers. There are 67 preaching places, the average Sabbath con- 
gregations number 2,849, the registered Protestant community, 4,472, and 
common-schools 45, with 1,266 pupils. There are 69 pupils in theological and 
training schools, and 64 in female boarding-schools. 

The printing for the year, in six languages (including English) amounted 
to almost eleven millions of pages. The printing in the Armenian and the 
Armeno-Turkish languages has been, for 6ome years, under the supervision of 
Mr. Pettibone. 



CENTRAL TURKEY. (1847.) 

(Around the northeast corner of the Mediterranean.) 

Atntab (IneOab. — About 90 miles E. N. E. from 
Scanderoon). — Henry Marden, Missionary ; Mrs. Mary 
L. Marden, Miss Myra A. I’roctor, Miss Mary G. Hol- 
lister. — Native pastors, 1st church, Baron Simon, 2d 
church, Baron Kriknre. — Six teachers. — Eight out- 
stations with one pastor. — Baron Boghos Kalfour, at 
Hassan Beyli ; four licensed preachers and six teach- 
ers. 

Marash (Mah-rahsh 7 . — About 90 miles N. E. from 
Scanderoon). — Giles F. Montgomery, T. C. Trow- 
bridge, Henry T. Perry, Missionaries ; Mrs. Emily R. 
Montgomery, Mrs. Margaret Trowbridge, Mrs. Jennie 
H. Perry, Mrs. . 1 . L. Coding. — Native pastors. 1st 
church, Baron Murad, 2d church, Baron Avedis. — 
One licensed preacher and six teachers. — Five out- 
etations, with one pastor — Baron Sarkis, at Albustan 
— and three teachers. 

Oor'fa (About 180 miles N. of E. from Scander- 



oon. — (In charge of missionaries at other stations.) 

— Baron Tomas, acting pastor. — Four teachers and 
one other helper. — Four out-stations, with two pas- 
tors ; Baron Garabet, acting pastor, at Severek ; Ba- 
rou Kevork, pastor, at Adyaman. — Three licensed 
preachers and four teachers. 

Alf.p'po (About 90 miles S. E. of Scanderoon). — 
David H. Nutting, M. D., Missionary Physician; Mrs. 
Mary E. Nutting. — Pastor, Baron Sarkis ; one teacher. 

An'tioch (30 miles south of Scanderoon). — P. 0. 
Powers, C. C. Thayer, Missionaries ; Mrs. Mary F. 
Thayer, Miss Harriet G. Powers, Miss Sarah L. Wood. 

— Baron llarootune, pastor ; one teacher. — Two out- 
stations, with two licensed preachers and four teach- 
ers. 

Adana (Ah'-da-nah. — About 70 miles N. W. of 
Scanderoon). — Lucien H. Adams, Missionary ; Mrs. 
Nancy D. Adams. — Baron Garabet. pastor ; two teach- 
ers. — Out-station, — Tarsus. Baron Haches, pastor ; 
one teacher. 



In this field, as a whole, at some of the stations more especially, the year has 
been one of much prosperity and encouragement. “ The relation between the 
missionaries and the native pastors and preachers has been, in the fullest sense, 
one of mutual cooperation. In the Aintab and Oorfa fields, extending through 
a territory two hundred miles in length by fifty in breadth, with 17 congrega- 
tions and 12 organized churches, the whole native agency (5 pastors, 7 licensed 
preachers, 20 teachers, and one other helper) is more than half supported by 
native contributions. The 22 churches of the mission number 1,614 members, 
of whom 147 were added during the year. There are 34 preaching places, with 
aggregate average congregations numbering 4,728; the number of registered 
Protestants is 7,543; native pastors 12, and licensed preachers 10; common- 
schools 41, with 1.341 pupils; 33 pupils in theological schools and classes, and 
31 in the Aintab female boarding-school. u The work among the women, for 
which more single ladies are asked from the United States, is bearing rich fruit 
in the establishment of Christian homes.” Miss Sarah L. Wood sailed in Octo- 
ber, to join the Antioch station. 



6 



[January, 



Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board, 



EASTERN TURKEY. 

(1835, at Trebizond.) 

Bitlis / (Near Lake Tan, about 150 miles E. N. 
E. of Diarbekir). — George C. Knapp, Missionary; 
Mrs. Alzina M. Knapp, Miss Charlotte E. Ely, Miss 
Mary A. C. Ely. — Pa-tor, Simon ; seven teach- 

ers. — Out-stations, three licensed preachers, thirteen 
teachers, and five other helpers. 

Erzroom' (150 miles S. E. of Trebizond). — Royal 
M. Cole, John E. Pierce, Missionaries ; Mrs. Lizzie 
Cole, Mrs. Lizzie A. Pierce, Miss Cyrene 0. Van Du- 
zee. — One licensed preacher, two teachers. — Out- 
stations. Trebizond , Pastor, Hagop Felician ; one 
teacher. Ckevnmeh , Pastor, Harobtune Muradian; 
one teacher. — At other places, three licensed preach- 
ers, nine teachers, and two other helpers. 

Harpoot (Har-poot, guttural II. — About 175 miles 
S. of Trebizond). — Crosby H. Wheeler, Herman N. 
Barnurn, Henry S. Barnum, Missionaries ; George C. 



Raynolds, M. D.. Missionary Physician; Mrs. Susan 
A. Wheeler, Mrs. Mary E. Barnum, Mrs. Helen P. Bar- 
num, Mrs. Martha E. Raynolds, Miss Hattie Seymour, 
Miss Caroline E Bush. — Pastor, Mardiros Shimavo- 
niah ; seven teachers and one helper. — Out stations, 
seventy -eight ; fifteen pastors, seventeen licensed 
preachers, thirty-two teachers, and fifty other helpers. 

Mardin'. — W. F. Williams, Alpheus N. Andrus, 
Theodore S. Pond, Missionaries ; Mrs. Clarissa C. Wil- 
liams, Mrs. Louisa M. Andrus, Mrs. Julia II. Pond, 
Miss Olive L. Parmelee, Miss Isabella C. Baker. — Pas- 
tor, Georgias Hadaia ; two teachers. — Out-stations. 
Sert , Elias Sahado ; one teacher and one helper. Diar- 
bekir, pastor, Tomas Boajian ; one licensed preacher 
and four teachers. Cutterbul, pastor, Abd un Noor ; 
one teacher. — At other places, five licensed preachers, 
one teacher, and four other helpers. 

In this Country. — Orson P. Allen, L. T. Burbank, 
M. P. Parmelee, Missionaries : Mrs. Caroline R. Allen, 
Mrs. Sarah S. Burbank, Miss Maria A. West. 



This mission has been much afflicted by the death of Miss Warfield and Mrs. 
Parmelee. Miss Bush has gone out to Harpoot to take the place made vacant 
by the death of the former. 

In this field the last year was one of enlargement and progress. Twenty- 
three new positions were taken as out-stations (making 126) ; 3 churches were 
organized (making 26) ; and 3 pastors ordained (making 23) ; the licensed 
preachers were increased from 16 to 30, by the licensures of graduates from the 
Harpoot Theological Seminary ; the number of native teachers rose from 52 to 
81, and of other helpers from 69 to 70. One hundred and thirty-six new mem- 
bers were received into the churches, being an increase of eighteen per cent., 
and making a total membership of 863. The average attendance on preaching 
has grown from 4,074 to 5,203, and the number receiving instruction in Sabbath- 
schools, from 2,620 to 3,285. 

The pastors and churches are gaining in experience, and the institutions of 
the gospel are rising, apparently, upon solid and broad foundations. Tfe num- 
ber of registered Protestants is now 6,076. The theological school at Harpoot 
has 39 pupils, and there are more than 30 in classes at other stations. The 
female seminary at Harpoot has 51 pupils, and the labors of lady teachers 
at Bitlis, Erzroom, and Mardin are highly appreciated. At Mardin, in the 
Arabic-speaking portion of the field, buildings have been erected for a theolog- 
ical and a female school. 



MISSION TO PERSIA. (1834.) 

Oroomiah (O-roo'-tne-ah. — Near Lake Oroomiah). — 
George W. Coan, Benjamin Labaree, Jr., Missionaries ; 
Thomas L. Van Norden, M. D., Missionary Physician ; 
Mrs. S. P. Coan, Mrs. Elizabeth W. Labaree, Mrs. 
Mary M. Van Norden, Miss N. Jennie Dean. — Two 
native preachers, two teachers, and two other helpers. 



Seir (Seer. — Near Oroomiah). — Joseph G. Coch- 
ran, Missionary. — One native preacher , one teacher, 
and one other helper. 

In this Country. — John H. Shedd, Missionary ; 
Mrs. C. B. Perkins, Mrs. Sarah J. Rhea, Mrs. D. B. 
Cochran, Mrs. Sarah J. Shedd, Miss Mary Susan Rice, 
Miss Mary Cochran. 



The venerable founder of this mission, Dr. Perkins, died on the last day 
of December, 1869. The field now embraced in the mission, including a wide 
extent of territory in Koordistan, “stretches from Hamadan, on the south, to 
Tabreez, on the north, and from the waters of the Caspian, on the east, to the 
plains of the Tigris, on the west.” The number of laborers is felt to be quite 
too small for such a field and work. A ritualistic movement, under the lead of 
Priest John, has wrought evil at Geogtapa, dividing the church and congrega- 
tion ; but the movement does not seem to be extending, and may result in the 
fuller establishment of true Christians in correct views. “ Efforts to bring the 



7 



187L] 



Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 



Armenians of Persia under the benign influences of a pure Christianity are re- 
paid with hopeful signs, and in some sections there is found “ an unprecedented 
degree of interest among Mussulmans in listening to Christians on religious 
questions.” The movement at and around Hamadan, which has been reported 
in the Herald, is of much promise. 



SOUTHERN ASIA. 

MAHRATTAS. (1813.) 

(Western India.) 

Bombay (Bom bay'). — Charles Harding, Mission- 
ary; Mrs. Elizabeth D. Harding. — Vishnu Bhaskar 
Karmarkar, native pastor; one catechist. 

Ahmednuggur (Ah-med-nug'-ur. — About 140 miles 
E. of Bombay). — Lemuel Bissell, S. R. Wells, Charles 
W. Park, Missionaries ; Mrs. Mary E. Bissell, Mrs. 
Mary L. Wells, Mrs. Anna Maria Park. — R. V. Modak, 
acting pastor; Sidoba B. Misal, pastor at Seroor; 
Gangaram Washchaware, pastor at Kolgaw ; twenty 
helpers at station and out-stations. 

Rahoori (Rah-hoo'-ree. — About 25 miles N. W. of 
Ahmednuggur). — Henry J. Bruce, Missionary ; Mrs. 
Hepzibeth P. Bruce. — Waniram Ohol, Vithu Bh&mbal, 
Jayaram Berase. native pastors ; twelve helpers at sta- 
tion and out-stations. 

Khokar ( Kho'-kur. — About 35 miles N. of Ahmed- 
nuggur.) — (In charge of Mr. Bruce). — Kasam Mah- 



amadji, Say&ji Sawairitwad, native pastors ; nine help- 
ers. 

Wadale (WQd-ab'-ly — About 25 miles N. E. of 
Ahmednuggur). — William II. Atkinson, Missionary; 
Mrs. Calista Atkinson. — Lakshman M. Snlave, Mahi- 
pati Anakaipagar, Hariba D. Gaiakwad, pastors; thir- 
teen helpers. 

Satara (Sat-tah'-rah. — About 120 miles S. E. of 
Bombay). — William Wood, Missionary; Mrs. Eliza- 
beth P. Wood. — One licensed preacher and six help- 
ers. 

Sholapoor (Sho-lah-poor'. — About 125 miles S. E. 
of Ahmednuggur). — Allen Hazen , Missionary ; Mrs. 
Martha R. Hazen. — One licensed preacher and four 
helpers. 

In this Country. — Samuel B. Fairbank, Mission- 
ary; Mrs. Mary B. Fairbank. 

On the way to India. — Richard Winsor, Mrs. Mary 
C. Winsor. 

Out - Stations. — Connected with Ahmednuggur, 
seven ; Rahoori , ten ; Khokar , seven ; Wadale, eleven ; 
Sholapoor , two ; Satara, four. 



Mr. and Mrs. Abbott have been released from their connection with the 



Board ; Mr. and Mrs. Park, new laborers, sailed for the field August 3, and 
Mr. and Mrs. Winsor, October 19. The 22 churches number 677 members, 



53 having been added by profession within the year. With reference to self- 
support by the churches the year has been a trying one, prices of grain and 
other necessaries of life having been very high, but there has been no falling 
off in contributions, the sum paid by churches being 1,651 rupees. There has 
been less itinerating work than in some previous years, owing to the reduced 
number of laborers on the ground, but native laborers in the Rahoori and Pim- 



plus districts preached 4,562 times, to audiences numbering in the aggregate 
64,643 ; and assistants at Satara report having preached the word to more than 
17,000 persons. Several women have been employed to read the Scriptures to 



and converse with their countrywomen, 
six persons has commenced a course of 
of the Christian ministry. The girls’ 
pupils. 

MADURA MISSION. (1S34.) 

(Southern India.) 

Madura (Mad'-u-rah. —270 miles S. W. of Madras). 
— John E. Chandler, Missionary ; Henry K. Palmer, 
M.D., Physician; Mrs. Charlotte H. Chandler, Mrs. 
Flora D. Palmer, Miss Rosella A. Smith. — A. G. Row- 
land, K. Williams, native pastors ; eight catechists, two 
readers, two teachers in boarding-school, eleven school- 
masters, and three school-mistresses. 



with encouraging prospects. A class of 
study designed to fit them for the work 
school at Ahmednuggur has about 60 



va-num. — 12 miles S. E. of Madura). — Thornton B. 
Penfield, Missionary ; Mrs. Charlotte E. Penfield. — 
Five catechists and four school-masters. 

Mandapasalai (Mun'-dah-pah-sah'-lie. — 40 miles 
S. S. E. of Madura). — Horace S. Taylor, Missionary ; 
Mrs. Martha S. Taylor, Miss Martha S. Taylor, Miss 
Sarah Pollock. — D. Christian, native pastor; twenty- 
one catechists, one reader, two teachers in girls’ 
boarding-school, six school-masters, and five school- 
mistresses. 



Dindigul (Din'-de-gul. — 38 miles N. N. W. of Ma- 
dura). — Edward Chester, Missionary ; Mrs. Sophia 
Chester. — A. Savarimuttu, native pastor ; twelve cate- 
chists, five readers, twenty -one school-masters, and 
six school-mistresses. 

Tirumangalam (Te'-roo-mun'-ga-lum, or Tir'-u- 
mun' - ga - lum. — 12 miles S W. of Madura). — (In 
charge of Mr. Herrick). — G. Vathanayagum, native 
pastor ; sixteen catechists, six school-masters, and two 
school-mistresses . 

Tirupuvanam (Te'-roo-poo'-va-num, or Tir'-u-pu'- 



Melur (Mail'-oor. — 18 miles N. E. of Madura). — 
(In charge of Mr. Penfield). — Six catechists, two 
school-masters, and three school-mistresses. 

Periakulam (Per'-i-ah-koo'-lum. — 45 miles W. N. 
W. of Madura). — (In charge of Mr. Noyes.) — Six 
catechists, one reader, one school-master, and three 
school-mistresses. 

Battalagundu (Bat'-ta-la-goon'-doo, or Bat'-tah- 
lah-gun'-du. — 32 miles N. W. of Madura). — George 
T. Washburn, John Rendall, Missionaries ; Mrs. Eliza- 



8 



[January 3 



Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 



beth E. Washburn, Miss Mary E. Rendall. — Eight 
catechists, six school-masters, and two school-mis- 
tresses. 

Mana Madura (Mah / -nah-Mad / -u-rah. — 30 miles 
S. E. of Madura). — William B. Capron, Missionary ; 
Mrs. Sarah B. Capron. — One catechist, three school- 
masters, and one school-mistress. 

Pulney (PuP-ney. — 70 miles N. AY. of Madura). — 
(In charge of Mr. Washburn). — Eleven catechists, 
five school-masfers, and four school-mistresses. 

Sivagcxga (Siv'-a-gun-gah. — 25 miles S. of E. 
from Madura). — (In charge of Mr. Capron.) — Two 
catechists. 

Pasumalai (Pahs'-u-mah-lie. — 3 miles S. W. of 



Madura). — James Herrick, Missionary; Mrs. Eliza- 
beth H. Herrick, Miss Carrie Hartley. — Two cate- 
chists, three teachers in the Seminary, and one school- 
master. 

Kambam (Kum'-bum. — 80 miles W. S. W. of Ma- 
dura). — Joseph T. Noyes, Missionary ; Mrs. Elizabeth 
A. Noyes. — E. Seymour, A. Savarimuttu, native pas- 
tors ; twenty-one catechists, three readers, thirteen 
school-masters, and eight school-mistresses. 

Station not reported. — William Tracy, Mission- 
ary; Mrs. Emily F. Tracy. 

In this Country. — Thomas S. Burnell, H. C. Hazen, 
Missionaries ; Mrs. Martha Burnell, Mrs. Ida J. Ha- 
zen. 



Mr. and Mrs. White, from this mission, have been released from their con- 
nection with the Board. The work of the mission has been much as here- 
tofore, but with increased and encouraging effort among women, by Miss 
Pollock especially, with changes in the Seminary, designed to make it more 
strictly a theological institution, and corresponding changes in the girls’ board- 
ing-school at Madura. These changes, the formation of a native ecclesias- 
tical body, — the “Madura Church Union,” — composed of pastors and dele- 
gates, by whom tAvo or three pastors have already been installed, and the in- 
crease of contributions by the native Christians, for the support of pastors, cate- 
chists, and teachers, and for the purchase of books, are all pleasing indications 
of progress, as well as signs of promise for the future. The churches are 31; 
members in good standing, 1,372; added by profession during the year, 79; 
contributions, 2,926 rupees ($1,463); native pastors, 6; catechists, 119; com- 
mon-schools, 102, with 1,972 pupils. The seminary reports 38 pupils, the 
Madura girls’ boarding-school 53, and several “station-schools” 138. In the 
itinerating work of the year, missionaries Avere employed for a total of 126 days, 
and native helpers 1,103 days. More than 70,000 hearers were addressed with 
gospel messages. 



CEYLON MISSION. (1816.) 

(District of Jaffna, North Ceylon.) 

Bat'ticotta. — William E. De Riemer. Missionary , 
Mrs. Emily F. De Riemer, Miss Hester A. Hillis. — Ben- 
jamin H. Rice, native pastor; two licensed preachers, 
two catechists, three teachers for training and theolog- 
ical school, nine school-teachers, and four helpers. 

Pan'diteripo. — Two catechists, five school-teach- 
ers. 

Tn/ lip ally. — William W. Howland, Missionary; 
Mrs. Susan R. Howland. — Augustus Anketell, native 
pastor; one catechist, six school-teachers, and one 
helper. 

Oo'dooville. — Levi Spaulding. D. D., Missionary ; 
Mrs. Mary C. Spaulding, Miss Eliza Agnew. — Oue 



licensed preacher, two catechists, four teachers for 
boarding-school, ten school-teachers, and one helper. 

Manepy (Man'-e-pai). — Samuel F. Green, M. D., 
Missionary Physician ; Mrs. Margaret AY. Green. — 
One catechist, two teachers of medical class, four 
school-teachers, and two helpers. 

Chav'agacherry. — Thomas P. Runt, native pastor ; 
two catechists, four school-teachers, and one helper. 

Oo'doopitty. — John C. Smith, Missionary ; Mrs. 
Mary C. Smith, Miss Harriet E. Townshend. — D. 
Stickney, ordained native preacher ; two catechists, one 
teacher in girls’ boarding-school, four school-teachers, 
and one helper. 

In this Country. — Eurotas P. Hastings, Marshall 
D. Sanders, Missionaries ; Mrs. Anna Hastings, Mrs. 
Caroline Z. Sanders. 



Few changes have occurred in this field. Mr. and Mrs. Quick, in this coun- 
try a year ago, have been released from their connection with the Board. Miss 
Hillis has gone out to join the mission, with special reference to labors among 
women. Thirty-eight persons were received to the ten churches, making a 
present total of 530 members. There are now four native pastors of churches, 
one other ordained and three licensed preachers, and “a majority cf the native 
preachers and catechists [of whom there are twenty] have charge of regular 
Sabbath services, at stations and out-stations, and thus have the duties of pas- 
tors and preachers, though not appointed to the office.” “ The village work has 



1871 .] 



9 



Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 



been carried on during the year principally by the native assistants, gathered 
into companies of six or eight, and going two by two through a village, day 
after day, carrying the message of salvation to every house, and gathering meet- 
ings in the afternoon or evening.” Tn such evangelistic labors, and in efforts for 
Bible distribution, more than 11,000 houses were visited within the year. The 
educational work is much as heretofore. The theological and training-school 
had but 18 pupils at the close of the year, the Oodooville boarding-school 53, 
and the Oodoopitty school 26. The common-schools are 59, with 2,105 pupils. 



FOOCHOW MISSION. (1847.) 
(Southeastern China.) 

Foochow (Foo-chow'). — City Station , Charles 
Hartwell, Missionary ; D. W. Osgood. M. D., Mis- 
sionary Physician; Mrs. Lucy E. Hartwell, Mrs. 
Helen W. Osgood. — Two native preachers and one 
teacher. 



Nantai (Nan-ty'). — Lyman B. Feet, Calph C. Bald- 
win, Missionaries ; Mrs. H. L. Peet, Mrs. Harriet F. 
Baldwin, Miss Adelia M. Payson. — Two native 
preachers and two teachers. 

In this Country. — Simeon F.Woodin, Missionary; 
Mrs. Sarah L. Woodin. 



The work of this mission has gone forward much as heretofore. One new 
out-station has been occupied, making ten in all. At one of the out-stations 
there has been special religious interest, and in all 22 members were added 
to the seven churches by profession, making a present total of 136 members. 
There were 14 pupils in the training-school, and 18 in the girls’ boarding- 
school, in charge of Mrs. Baldwin and Miss Payson. The common-schools are 
but two, with 30 pupils. Mrs. Hartwell finds some encouragement in her spe- 
cial efforts among women. The mission church was burned, in connection with 
an extensive fire in February, but a subscription was at once started among 
foreigners in Foochow for rebuilding, and the mission will rebuild upon the 
same ground. 



NORTH CHINA. 

(At Shanghai, 1854 ; Tientsin, 1860.) 

Tientsin (Te-en-tseen 7 . — 80miles S.E. of Peking). 
— Charles A. Stanley, Joseph L. Whiting, Mission- 
aries; Alfred 0. Treat, M. D Missionary Physician ; 
Mrs. Ursula Stanley, Mrs. Lucy A. Whiting. — Three 
native preachers. 

Peking (Pe-king'. — N. E. China, lat. 39° 54/ N., 
long. 116° 29' E ). — Henry Blodeet, Chauncey Good- 
rich, Chester Holcombe. D. C. McCoy, Missionaries ; 
Phineas R Hunt, Printer ; Mrs. Sarah F. R. Blodget, 
Mrs. Abbie A. Goodrich, Mr3. Olive K. Holcombe, 
Mrs. America H. McCoy, Mr§. Abigail N. Hunt, Miss 



Mary H. Porter, Miss Mary A. Thompson. — Two na- 
tive helpers. 

Kalgan (140 miles N. W. of Peking). — John T. 
Gulick, Mark Williams, Thoma« W. Thompson, Mis- 
sionaries ; Mrs. Emily Gulick, Mrs. Isabella B. Wil- 
liams, Miss Naomi Diament. — One native helper. 

Tung-Cho (T'hoong-Chow. — 12 miles E. of Peking). 
— D. Z. Sheffield, Missionary ; Mrs. Eleanor W. Shef- 
field, Miss Mary E. Andrews. — One native helper and 
one teacher. 

In this Country. — Lyman Dwight Chapin, Mission- 
ary ; Mrs. Clara L. Chapin. 

Now at Shanghai. — Mrs. Eliza J. Bridgman. 

Station not re-ported. — Isaac Pierson, Missionary 



Mr. Gilbert T. Holcombe has resigned his connection with the mission and the 
Board, and returned to the United States. Mr. Pierson sailed for the field, 
from San Francisco, September 1. The brethren have met with difficulty in their 
attempt to secure new stations. There were pleasing indications of the special 
presence and workings of the Holy Spirit during the latter part of the last year 
reported. Twenty-one members were received to the four churches during the 
year, and nine more were admitted soon after, making a total of 65 members. 
Increased efforts have been made for the training of native helpers ; buildings 
have been erected, and other preparations made, for the efficient working of the 
press ; special effort is madelmong women at some of the stations ; the mission 
was never before so thoroughly organized for effective and aggressive work ; 
and if civil affairs become quiet, and the recent excitement of the people against 
foreigners passes away, greater results than have yet appeared in this field may 
be hoped for in the near future. But there is special reason for prayer in be- 



10 



Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 



[January, 



half of laborers in China, that dangers may be averted and an open door pre- 
sented. 

JAPAN. (1869.) Under appointment — now in the United States . — 

Kobe. — (About 300 miles W. S. W. from Yeddo.)— H - Gulick > Missionary; Mrs. Anna E. Gulick. 
Daniel Crosby Greene, Missionary ; Mrs. Mary Jane 
Greene. 



In consultation with Mr. Blodget, of the North China mission, Mr. Greene 
has fixed upon Kobe, about twenty miles from Osaka, as his station. As yet 
the work is mainly one of preparation. Mr. and Mrs. 0. H. Gulick, recently 
from the Sandwich Islands, are expected to go soon to this field. 



WORTH PACIFIC OCEAN. 

HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. (1820.) 

Hawaii (Hah-wy 7 -e). — Missionaries , David B. Ly- 
man, Principal of Ike High School , Hilo (He 7 lo) ; Elias 
Bond, Kohala ( Ko-hahMah) ; Lorenzo Lyons, Wai- 
mea ( Wy-may 7 -ah) ; John D. Paris, South Kona. 

Maui (Mow-ee 7 ). — Missionaries , Dwight Baldwin, 
M. D. , Lahaina,( L?h-hy 7 -nah) ; William P. Alexander, 
WailuJcu ( Wy-loo-koo). 

Oahu (O-ah 7 - hoo). — Missionaries, John E. Pogue, 
Corresponding Secretary of the Board of the Hawaiian 



Evangelical Association, Lowell Smith, D. D., A. O. 
Forbes, Honolulu (Ho-no-loo 7 -)oo), B. W. Parker ; 
Mrs. Thurston, Mrs. Hitchcock, Mrs. Chamberlain, 
and Miss Ogden, at Honolulu, and Mrs. Emerson at 
Waialua Wy-ah-loo 7 -ah. 

Kauai (Kow-y 7 ). — Missionaries, James W. Smith, 
M. D , Daniel Dole, Koloa (Ko-lo 7 -ah); Mrs. Johnson, 
at Waioli (Wy-o 7 -lee); and Mrs. Whitney at Waimea, 
( Wy-may 7 -ah.) 

In this Country. — E. W. Clark, Portland, Conn., 
superintending the printing of books in the Hawaiian 
language ; Titus Coan. 



The great event of the year connected with the mission work in this field, has 
been the joyful and successful Jubilee celebration, fully reported in the Herald 
for September last. Fifty years have elapsed since the mission commenced its 
work, and for years the Hawaiians have been an educated, Christian people, 
with all the varied institutions, governmental, educational, and religious, of civil- 
ization and Christianity. The native churches maintain their own pastors and 
send missionaries to the Marquesas Islands and Micronesia. There are 57 
churches, with 14,850 members; 49 ordained Hawaiian ministers, of whom 39 
are pastors of home churches, and 9 are foreign missionaries. The contributions 
of the churches, for various purposes, last year, were more than $31,000, of 
which $6,476 were for foreign missions. Common-schools are sustained by the 
government, and various higher schools and seminaries, for males and females, 
are doing the work which such institutions do in our own land ; while the man- 
agement of Christian work in the Islands is mainly in charge of the Hawaiian 
Board. Many of the American missionaries, most of them now advanced in 
life, must still receive support, in part at least, from the United States, and will 
still labor for the good of the Island churches and the education of a native 
ministry, but the Hawaiian churches will be henceforth independent of connec- 
tion with the American Board, and it is deemed proper that this mission should 
hereafter be dropped from the list of its missions. 



MICRONESIA. (1852.) 

American Missionaries. — Gilbert Islands. — Rev. 
H. Bingham and wife. 

Marshall Islands. — Rev. B. G. Snow and wife (ab- 
sent in the United States). 

Ponape (Po'-nah-pay. — Ascension Island, lat. 6° 
48 7 N., long. 158° 19 7 E. Population, 5,000). — Rev. 
A. A. Sturges and wife (absent in the United States); 
E. T. Doane and wife (the latter In the United States). 



Hawaiian Missionaries. — Gilbert Islands Mission. 
— J5i/Ia/7/an(Boo-tah'-re tah'-re.)— Rev. .1. W. Kanoa 
and wife; Mr. W. R. Maka and wife — Apaiang (Ap- 
py-ahng 7 . — Charlotte Island, lat. about 2° N-, long. 
173° E.). — Rev. J. H. Mahoe and wife — Tarawa 
(Knox Island, S. E. of and near Apaiang). — Mr. J. 
Ilaina and wife ; Mr. D. Kanoho aud wife ; Mr. J. D. 
Ahia and wife. — Tap tenea, Rev. W. B. Kapu and 
wife ; Mr. GJjeleo and wife. 



During the past year Mr. Doane has been the only American laborer on 
Ponape, — for a portion of the year the only one in all the Micronesia field, 
but Mr. and Mrs, Bingham returned in the summer for a temporary residence 



1871 .] 



11 



Annual Survey of the Missions of the Board. 



at their former station on Apaiang. The year, on Ponape, has been one of 
much religious interest, causing the lone missionary to rejoice greatly in his 
work. At some of the other stations, also, in charge of Hawaiian laborers, 
there has been much to encourage. The whole number added to the churches 
by profession, within the last year reported, was 100, and the present number 
of members is 410. The contributions were, for the Hawaiian Board, $396.71, 
and for the American Board, $55.27. The people also paid $361 for books, 
and have done nobly, as heretofore, in building churches. Native teachers and 
helpers are also enlisted, to a very commendable extent, in missionary effort. 
The visit of the United States war vessel, Jamestown , Captain Truxton, re- 
cently reported in the Herald, was of great service to the work. 



NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS. 

DAKOTAS. (1835.) 

Santee Agency (Nebraska). — Rev. Alfred L Riggs, 
Missionary ; Edward R. Pond, Teacher ; Mrs. Mary B. 
Riggs, Mrs. Mary F. Pond, Miss Julia A. Lafromboise, 
Teacher. 

Yankton Agency (Dakota Territory). — John P. Wil- 
liamson, Missionary ; Mrs. Sarah A. Williamson, Miss 
Mary M. Pond, Teacher. 

Good Will (Dakota Territory). — Stephen R. Riggs, 



Missionary ; Mr. Wyllys K. Morris, Teacher; Mrs. 
Martha Riggs Morris. 

Out-stations on the Missouri. — Choteau Creek (15 
miles below Yankton Agency); White Swan (15 miles 
above Yankton Agency); Crow Creek ( 100 miles above 
Yankton Agency). 

Out-stAtons on the Coteau (near Good Will).' — 
Ascension, Dry Wood Lake, Long Hollow, Fort Wads- 
worth. 

Missionaries at Large. — Thomas S. Williamson, 
Missionary ; Mrs. Margaret P. Williamson, Miss Jane 
P. Williamson. 



Important changes have taken place in this field within the past year. (1.) 
Messrs. S. R. Riggs and A. S. Riggs have entered upon the work of training 
native helpers for the increasing wants of the mission, — the former on the 
Coteau des Prairies, and the latter at the Santee Agency. The material is 
ready and promising. (2.) The new station at the Yankton Agency is receiv- 
ing unexpected encouragement. The desire for education, as already developed, 
is remarkable. The school for the current winter, opened November 2, with 
more than sixty pupils. The religious services held by Mr. J. P. Williamson 
are “crowded”; and some, apparently, are becoming obedient to the truth. 

The number of additions to the churches, as reported by the entire mission, 
has been about fifty. The native pastors, as also the licensed preachers, are 
rendering essential service to the Board, in its endeavor to evangelize the large 
tribe of Indians to which they belong. 



GENERAL SUMMARY. 

(Not including the Missions recently transferred.) 



Missions. 

Number of Missions, 14 

“ “ Stations, 86 

“ “ Out-stations, 506 

Laborers Employed. 

Number of Ordained Missionaries (3 being physicians), 129 

“ “ Physicians not ordained, 8 

‘ s “ other Male Assistants, 4 

“ “ Female Assistants, 190 

Whole number of laborers sent from this country, .. . 331 

Number of Native Pastors 118 

“ “ Native Preachers and Catechists, •. 315 

“ “ School Teachers, 400 

“ “ other Native Helpers, 208 

Whole number of Native Helpers, 1,041 

Whole number of laborers connected with the Missions, 1,372 



12 



[ January , 



The Week of Prayer. 



The Press. 

Pages printed, as far as reported (including Syria), 19,728,995 

The Churches. 

Number of Churches (including all at the Hawaiian Islands), 226. 

“ “ Church Members “ “ “ “ so far as reported, .... 23,718 

Added during the year, (so far as reported), 1,533 

Educational Department. 

Number of Training and Theological Schools, 15 

“ “ Boarding Schools for Girls, 17 

“ “ Common Schools (omitting those at Hawaiian Islands), 464 

“ “ Pupils in Common Schools (omitting those at Hawaiian Islands), . . 12,437 

“ “ “ Training and Theological Schools, 323 

“ “ “ “ Boarding Schools for Girls, 535 

Other adults under instruction, 1,115 

Whole number of Pupils, 14,410 



THE WEEK OF PRAYER. 

There are special reasons why the churches that act through the Amer- 
ican Board should remember the cause of foreign missions during the Week of 
Prayer. There should be, — 

1. Gratitude for the Divine blessing upon the joint and harmonious labors 
of past years, of the two great denominations represented in the Board, whose 
fruits are seen in the independence of the Hawaiian churches, in the active co- 
operation of hundreds of faithful native pastors and preachers, in the establish- 
ment of missionary seminaries for the development of an efficient native agency, 
male and female, and in the missionary spirit of labor and sacrifice widely dif- 
fused among the native churches. 

2. Gratitude that when the Presbyterian constituency of the Board felt con- 
strained to withdraw, in consequence of the reunion of the two branches of their 
church, it was accomplished with so much good feeling; and, as may be hoped, 
with advantage to the cause. 

3. Gratitude for the preservation of the lives of our missionaries in China, 
during the past months of trial and danger, and a humble recognition of the 
Divine goodness in answering the prayers of the churches in their behalf, with 
continued supplication that the lives and health of the missionaries may be 
preserved, that their opportunities of Christian influence may be enlarged and 
blessed of the Holy Spirit. 

4. Prayer for the presence of the Holy Spirit in all schools and seminaries 
in the foreign field, and all native churches ; for the guidance and support of 
all missionaries and native ecclesiastical bodies, in their responsible duties ; and 
that the Lord Jesus will verify his precious promise to be with his disciples, to 
these messengers of the churches, making up to them in present experience of 
his love and presence, more than they lose in leaving the loved Christian circles 
at home. 

5. Prayer for the Divine blessing upon the word preached, whether by mis- 
sionaries or native preachers, or by the female missionaries and Bible-women 
in the houses of the people, and upon the Christian literature in many lands and 



1871 .] 



13 



How to Conduct a Monthly Concert . 

languages ; that so all this varied agency for diffusing the knowledge of the way 
of life, may be made effective to the speedy triumph of the kingdom of our 
Lord. 

6. Prayer for a livelier sympathy with Christ and a larger spirit of benevo- 
lence in our churches, that means be not lacking to carry forward the work now 
committed to them ; and for a true spirit of consecration to the cause of Christ 
in our colleges and seminaries ; that the work begun at so many points, with so 
much promise, may be carried forward, that the needful guidance and moral 
support may be rendered the native churches, and that the leadings of Divine 
providence may be followed into new and inviting fields. 



HOW TO CONDUCT A MONTHLY CONCERT. 

The following suggestions were prepared at the request of some young men 
connected \yith one Monthly Concert, and may be of service to others : — 

1. Begin at the time appointed, with singing two or three stanzas, to be fol- 
lowed by a brief prayer of invocation. 

2. Have no reading, but brief addresses on fields previously assigned, to give 
information, or an exhortation based on some striking fact of missionary intelli- 
gence, not exceeding five minutes each. 

3. Let each address be followed by a brief prayer relating to the subject- 
matter of the address just made, or on some special topic suggested by the leader 
of the meeting. 

4. Intersperse singing, of one or two stanzas at a time. 

5. Make use of any special topic of interest, as the sailing of new mission- 
aries, a revival at some point, peculiar trials of missionaries or of native Chris- 
tians, the call for more men or more means, to awaken attention and call out 
prayer and sympathy. 

fi. Keep watch for items of missionary interest, in the secular as well as in 
the religious papers during the month, in order to report them at the concert. 

7. Locate the facts or the men referred to, so as to give a just idea to persons 
unacquainted, on a good missionary map. A few words are enough. In speak- 
ing of a revival at Bitlis, for example, state where it is, in what sort of a region, 
among what people, and if possible, state what missionaries are there, and what 
has been done hitherto. Two minutes will suffice for this, and two more to give 
points of interest, or three to detail some striking incident. 

8. Study to present, not long details, which might please a reader, but just 
those points which have touched your own heart, and which will stir the hearts 
of others. 

9. Have a list of special topics of interest to draw from when there is need, 
to fill up the time well and maintain the interest. Two or three of the follow- 
ing, well put in , might save a meeting from failure. Give notice, if a pause 
seems likely to occur, that after singing a stanza, some brother — perhaps giv- 
ing his name — will be asked to pray for one of the following objects : — 

a. For native pastors in charge of little native churches in Africa, Asia, or 
the Pacific L-lands. 

b. For native preachers going into new places among the heathen. 



14 Missionary Publications . [January, 

c. For native Christians, persecuted by their friends and kindred, that they 
be strong and faithful. 

d. For heathen children just gathered into Sabbath-schools. 

e. For a blessing on the Bible and tract distribution among the heathen. 

f For native churches trying to support their own pastors and to build 
churches and school houses for. themselves. 

g. For missionaries, that they be true and faithful to Christ, living near to 
him. 

h. For the blessing of God on the labors of the missionaries in preaching and 
visiting from house to house. 

t. For a blessing on the missionaries in sickness and trial, away from home, 
friends, and Christian society. 

j. For the Divine blessing on young missionaries, just leaving home. 

k. For parents who give up their children to the mission work. 

l. For parents on mission ground obliged to send their children home for, 
education. 

m. For the children of missionaries in this country, separated from their par- 
ents and among strangers. 

n. For a spirit of consecration to Christ in our seminaries and colleges, that 
shall lead young men and women to give themselves to mission work. 

o. For sympathy with Chri>t in the great work of a world’s evangelization. 

p. For a sense of personal responsibility, leading to larger Christian benevo- 
lence, and more earnest, prevailing prayer for the progress of the gospel abroad. 

10. Read the Herald , and come together to pray over the points of interest 
it contains, or suggests, and there will be little need of any special topics. 

11. Take a collection for the cause at the morning service on the Sabbath, 
to afford all an opportunity to give, if any should fail to come to the concert. 

12. Close the meeting promptly at the end of an hour. 



MISSIONARY PUBLICATIONS. 

The cause of foreign missions rests on no artificial interest, on no sensational 
representations. The romance period has passed. It means work now — hard 
work — sacrifice and triumphs for Christ. Let the facts be known, and the 
issue may be left with all thoughtful Christian hearts. But if the heathen can- 
not hear without a preacher, no more can Christians at home feel an interest in 
the work of Christ abroad, if remaining unacquainted with it. It is not enough 
to trust to an occasional discourse from a missionary or a pastor, or some anni- 
versary occasion. The subject must be read up, and kept read up, through mis- 
sionary publications. These are not wanting. To speak of those issued from 
the Missionary House : — 

I. THE MISSIONARY HERALD, 

well read for actual facts — the experience of missionaries, methods of labor, and 
results — will soon bring the reader abreast of the time , and give an acquaintance 
not only with the work of the American Board, but of all the great missionary 



1871 .] 



Letter to the Children. 



15 



bodies. Is it not, then, a duty for the friends of missions, and for pastors espe- 
cially, who would see to it that their people are duly educated in the responsi- 
bilities and privileges of the time, to secure for the Missionary Herald, as nearly 
as may be, a place in every family? Is it not due to the missionaries them- 
selves thus to be known and loved in every Christian household ? 

II. LIFE AND LIGHT, 

is the organ of the Woman’s Board of Missions, and, issued quarterly, is ready 
to make the Christian ladies of our churches acquainted with the special efforts 
in behalf of women in foreign lands, and to introduce to their love and sympa- 
thy, and to a place in their prayers, the noble company of their sisters, single 
and married, who are engaged in this self-denying work — loving home and 
Christian society no less, but only the more, that they have left all to rear up 
Christian homes amid the darkness of heathenism. To be had for only fifty 
cents a year, shall not this, too, have its place in every home ? What mother 
would do without such a means of teaching her children to value these Christian 
privileges ? 

But this is not all for the children ; and the Woman’s Board also publish, 

III. ECHOES 

from “Life and Light”; a reprint, with appropriate headings, of the Children’s 
Corner in their quarterly. It is a gem of a missionary magazine for children, 
and is a marvel of cheapness. Any one sending one dollar will receive twenty- 
five copies a year, sent to one address. Specimen numbers will be sent very 
widely the present month, to let the children become acquainted with it. The 
Woman’s Board would gladly publish a hundred thousand of these leaflets, if 
they should find a call for them. 

It is specially intended for mission circles of children and for Sabbath-schools. 
It is very modest, only asking to be read once a quarter ; and for such a little 
sum, that it may be hoped hundreds of Sabbath- schools will order five or ten 
dollars’ worth — that is, one hundred and twenty-five, or two hundred and fifty 
copies each — for distribution. It is intended to make it as good as it is cheap ; 
and to put into it some of the choicest stories and incidents from the great mis- 
sionary field. The work of missions is developing so fast, the children cannot 
begin too soon to prepare for the grander work of the future. 



LETTER TO THE CHILDREN. 

The December number of the Herald stated the plan for building a new 
Morning Star , asking the children to give ten thousand dollars for this purpose, 
by one general and generous contribution on the second Sabbath in January. 
The hope was also expressed, that the missionaries from Micronesia, now in the 
United States, would write something on the subject, in the January Herald. 
Here is a letter from one of them : — 

To the Stockholders of the late Morning Star : 

My dear Children, — You know something of how much we, your mis- 
sionaries, who used to sail in our dear Morning Star , loved her. You know 



16 



Letter to the Children . 



[January, 



how she came to us every year, with her rich freight of letters from our far-off 
friends, and with new books and papers, and food and clothing. We were not 
able to receive any of these regularly but through her ; and it was by her help 
only that we were able to exchange visits, from island to island. 

Since her loss, we have asked each other, sadly, “ What shall we do now ? 
How shall we get back to our far-off homes in the islands ? Must we take that 
long voyage in an uncomfortable little schooner, which will merely drop us at 
home, and then leave us ? Must we leave our native converts, on other islands, 
to struggle on in their weakness, with no visits from us, with no books, and 
especially with the feeling, which they must have, that Christians in America 
have cast them off, and no longer love them or pray for them ? ” O, how our 
loved work must be hindered and broken up, if we have no vessel. 

But we are rejoiced, indeed, to hear that our -wise fathers, who manage our 
affairs, have decided that we must not be left to all these evils, but a new 
Morning Star must be built, just as beautiful and perfect as the one whose loss 
has so deeply grieved us. How glad and thankful we are ! 

But it rests with you, dear children, to give us this great blessing. Ten 
thousand dollars are needed to build the new ship. This is a large sum for 
children to give ; and at this holiday season, when you are all warning to make 
Christmas and New Year’s presents, you have use for all your pennies. But 
will not this missionary ship be a noble New Year’s gift to all of us, your uncles 
and aunts, and thousands of dark-skinned cousins off in the wide Pacific ? 

Just think of the many, many hearts to which she will bring joy! We five 
American missionaries, who are now in this country, will return in her, and it 
is hoped a new missionary and his wife, and two unmarried ladies may go with 
us ; and some more Hawaiian missionaries will soon go to join the twelve already 
in Micronesia, and the four on the Marquesas Islands. And as we pass from island 
to island, and visit our children , as we call them, whom we have learned to love 
so well, and who love us so dearly — as we come to them with our new ship , and 
new teachers, and new books, O, how their eyes will sparkle, and how they will 
dance and sing for joy ! # 

But what is better, by far, many of them will want, first of all, to meet to- 
gether in their places of prayer, and thank God for his great goodness in giving 
them such rich gifts. And they will feel and say, — “ Now we see how Chris- 
tians in America love our souls, and want us to know about God, and how to 
love him more and serve him better. Let us try to do all we can for ourselves, 
when they have done so much for us. Let us send this blessed gospel, which 
makes these people do so much for us, to all these islands about us that are yet 
in darkness.” And then they will crowd into our schools, and bring gladly their 
monthly concert contributions ; and we hope many of them will soon be ready 
to £0 themselves as missionaries to their heathen neighbors. 

Thus your Morning Star will be the harbinger of day to these thousands 
of islands, till the Sun of Righteousness shall indeed rise upon them, and the 
whole wide Pacific shall be filled with the knowledge and glory of the Lord. 
Will it not be glorious ? And all through your means, dear children, for it can- 
not be done without your ship. 

So all you bright-eyed, generous boys and girls, gather up your pennies and 
pour in the contents of your “ banks,” and give us our new ship Jirst, and use 
what is left to buy your new skates, and other New Year’s presents. 



1871.] 



17 



Missions of the Board. 

I thought it was so beautiful that when you were asked to build the last 
Morning Star , you did just as did those good people of whom the Bible tells 
us, who built the tabernacle and temple, — offered willingly ,” and . brought 
“ much more than was required.” Shall it not be so now ? 

Your loving aunt, 

SUSAN. 



THE ENGRAVING. 

Readers will be glad to see, prepared expressly for this number of the 
Herald, the engraved likeness of Rev. Dr. Hopkins, President of Williams 
College, and also President of the American Board of Commissioners for For- 
eign Missions. 



MISSIONS OF 

f&tcrottesta fission. 

APAIANG. 

Letter from Mr. Bingham, August 2, 1870. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bingham left Honolulu 
on the 30th of April last, in the James- 
town, for their former field of labor in 
the Gilbert Islands, not expecting to re- 
main there many months, as a prolonged 
stay would be attended with much risk in 
the matter of health. They reached 
Tarawa on the 15th of May, and found 
that the Tarawa rebels had left Apaiang 
and King Abraham had returned three 
months before, and that a partial peace 
prevailed. The man who shot the Ha- 
waiian missionary Mahoe “ had fallen by 
the hand of violence.” Captain Truxton 
invited several high chiefs of Tarawa and 
Apaiang on board the Jamestown , and 
they signed a paper engaging to protect 
ship-wrecked mariners, and foreigners 
whom they might permit to land, whether 
traders or missionaries. The leaders of 
the party which destroyed the mission 
premises at Apaiang also engaged to pay 
ten tuns of cocoa-nut oil, “ as a fine for the 
destruction of the property.” Mr. Bing- 
ham wrote from Apaiang, August 2d, of 
much encouragement : “We found some 

things to encourage us at Tabiang [Tara- 
wa]. Since our arrival in the group, nine 
members have been received to the church 
there by baptism. Among them is the 
VOL. lxvii. 2 



THE BOARD. 

leading chief of Tarawa, David Hourapi, 
long the friend of our missionary brethren 
and their families, residing near him. 
The desire for instruction both on Apaiang 
and Tarawa has been marked, during the 
past few weeks, by a much larger sale of 
books than ever before in the same length 
of time. The school at Hoinawa has 
averaged not far from sixty. The Sab- 
bath-school, reorganized during our visit, 
now numbers ten teachers and about 
seventy pupils. 

“ Many of the church-members had 
wandered sadly on Tarawa ; but it has 
been a joy to us to see so many of them 
returning to the path of duty. Most 
have publicly confessed their sins, and 
declare their intention to return to their 
Saviour. Among those lately restored is 
Joseph, whose history you may remember 
as given in the “ Story of the Morning 
Star.” 

“Last week two deacons were chosen, 
King Abraham and Job, the two men 
who have stood the firmest during all the 
fiery trials of the adversary. Last Sab- 
bath eight members were received to the 
church of Apaiang by baptism, being 
selected from among fifty inquirers. 

“ On the site of the church totally de- 
stroyed by the Tarawan rebels, our peo- 
ple are now erecting a new temple for the 
worship of Jehovah. Services for the 
past month have been held, by permission 
of the king, in the large council-house 



18 



Micronesia Mission. 



[January. 



(which measures 125 feet by 56), but we 
shall all be glad when we are once more 
permitted to enter the courts of the Lord, 
dedicated to his worship. Deacon Job 
takes hold in good earnest. King Abra- 
ham is very feeble. 

“ Most cheering news from Tapitenea 
has recently been received. Bro. Kapu 
[Hawaiian Missionary] writes that their 
pupils number 1,850 ; that 1,300 have 
learned to read ; that they have already 
erected four school-houses, and are en- 
gaged on their second church. As yet 
there appears to be no diminution of in- 
terest. There is scarce anything on rec- 
ord more wonderful or encouraging. It 
is not two years since our brethren were 
landed there. 

“ The work progresses on Butaritari. 
Churches are being built ; many books are 
bought by the natives; liberal monthly 
concert contributions are constantly made ; 
and there are some accessions to the 
church. Brother Mahoe still lives, to pro- 
claim the gospel of peace. His right arm 
is useless, but with his left hand he has 
recently written me touching letters. He 
is now on the south end of Butaritari. 
The wound still discharges badly, and his 
health is poor. We long to visit him, and 
our other brethren on Butaritari.” 

Intelligence has been received of the 
return of Mr. and Mrs. Bingham to Hono- 
lulu, on the 27th of October, in a small 
vessel, the Annie , sent out in place of the 
lost Morning Star. 

ATONEMENT AT PONAPE. — GOOD INFLUENCE 
OF THE “ JAMESTOWN.” 

Under date, July 8th, Mr. Doane wrote 
from Ponape : — 

“ Yesterday was rather an important 
day with us. I have,. under previous dates, 
recorded the fact of a native killing an- 
other, or more properly being indirectly 
the cause of his death. This being so, he 
has been watched and dogged for months; 
and not only he but certain members of 
his clan. Perhaps I have written you of 
the law of retaliation that prevails among 
this people. As a system to avenge a 
wrong, it is most unjust, because the guilty 
rarely suffer, but some innocent member of 



his clan — some child, or woman, or aged 
man. The person of whom I speak stood 
related to some church members, and that 
put their lives in jeopardy, very much 
so. For months they have been unable 
to attend meetings, and could hardly leave 
their homes; but by night and day have 
been watched, and thus liable at any mo- 
ment to be shot down. 

“ But the visit of the Jamestown has 
changed all this. Captain Truxton ad- 
vised the king and chiefs to abandon 
such a custom, and that the guilty person 
should be executed, or pay a fine. I am 
happy to say that yesterday the individual 
referred to was allowed to atone for his sin 
with money, — Ponape money, — mats, 
twine, pigs, dogs, and a large feast. It was 
interesting to see the ceremony. The ar- 
ticles were brought in by a large number 
of persons, each one bearing a portion, fol- 
lowing each other in a row, the guilty one 
near the head, with the largest number of 
articles. After presenting the articles to 
the person offended, — in this case a high 
chief, — the man sat down. Presently he 
came forward alone, trembling not a little, 
and offered the chief, in a very graceful 
way, a pipe , lighted and ready to smoke. 
The chief in turn gave the man a piece 
of sugar cane, and at the same time 
other members of the clan did so. This 
assures the man that his atonement is ac- 
cepted, and he is forgiven. Then the 
leading ones of the offended or injured 
party talk over the matter, referring it all, 
however, to the king, who says that from 
this time forth the man is to be regarded 
as having absolved himself from his sin, or 
its punishment, by this atonement. And 
to this all agree. Then we talk. All talk 
in turn and in order, and sing and pray. 

“ The remarks of some referred to the 
Jamestown as introducing a new order 
of things. They declared, in substance, 
that she only could have introduced the 
change. I am confident her influence in 
this matter was strong. All felt that Capt. 
Truxton was a friend to them, and were 
ready to listen to his advice. Thus we 
begin to see more clearly the results of that 
visit of a man-of-war, commanded by one 
who was firm yet just , who came to do 
and exact only that which was right, yet, 



1871.] 



North China Mission. 



19 



if necessary, to punish. And indeed he 
did constrain the king to return a child 
he had stolen from a Christian foreigner, 
which humbled the king not a little in 
the eyes of his own people; yet that same 
monarch saw the justness, and acknowl- 
edged it, and was willing to take the ad- 
vice of that commander in correcting an- 
other evil among his people. — the evil to 
which I have referred. 

The word Atone. — “ It was deeply in- 
teresting to hear a word used in all this 
affair resembling very much a word in 
English, sweet to all Christian ears and 
hearts. I mean the word atone. Such is 
the English word ; here it is tom [tome], 
the o of both words having precisely the 
same sound, and the two words meaning the 
same thing. And I cannot but feel that 
our English word atone comes from some 
other source than the Latin ad unus, — - 
at-one, or atone. I shall not be surprised 
if it is found lying back among some San- 
skrit or Shemitic roots, from which our 
Ponape-Malay dialect has drawn its tom. 

ADDITIONS TO THE CHURCH — THE NAN- 
AKIN. 

On the 11th of July Mr. Doane wrote: 

“ Yesterday we had communion. About 
one hundred and twenty- five gathered 
about the table, and the number was in- 
creased by the baptizing of twenty-eight 
more. Among those baptized was the 
Nanakin of the Jekoij tribe, an aged man, 
and the highest man of his rank, — sec- 
ond only to the king. In former years 
he has been not a little troublesome. He 
was a great beggar, asking for almost 
any garment one might have on — coat, 
shirt, hat, shoes, or knife if he had one. 
It used to be a painful duty to call on 
him, because of this propensity. He was 
once a noted ‘sot’ in the use of the 
ava root, and in drinking the fermented 
and distilled sap of the cocoa-nut-tree. In 
the early days of natives coming out on 
the Lord’s side, he made much trouble by 
his opposition. Once, as our good Chris- 
tian chief Ejekaiea, of another tribe, was 
passing the Nanakin’s place, he gathered 
his forces, and lying in ambush fired upon 
them. He would be most happy to take in 
that Christian brother now, and feed him. 



He is certainly, in a sense, a new man in 
Christ. He has broken away from the 
ava root and other drinks, has reformed 
in his habit of begging, and loves to come 
over and spend days near us, to be in- 
structed in the new way. I am really 
becoming attached to him. How happy if 
in his old age he has indeed found Jesus ! 
The rest of the company baptized appear 
well. 

“ I had hardly reached home from this 
meeting, ere a young man called to ask if 
he could not join the church. And an- 
other told me of a dozen waiting my arri- 
val at another place to be baptized. We 
rejoice that the Lord is thus with us, but 
our joy is toned down somewhat by being 
obliged to suspend five, though two of 
them seem very penitent.” 



■Nort!) dtljma. 

THE PROSPECT. 

It is still true, as stated in the Herald 
for December, that letters received from 
the missionaries do not throw much new 
light upon civil affairs in China. Up to 
the first of October matters were unset- 
tled, and whether there would be further 
outbreaks of violence against foreigners, 
and war with European powers, or an 
adjustment of difficulties and remunera- 
tion for wrongs inflicted, could not be 
certainly foretold. It was expected, how- 
ever, that the Chinese government would 
either replace or pay for mission buildings, 
and other property destroyed, and Mr. 
Stanley, at Tientsin, had some hope, Oc- 
tober 3d, “ to have chapels up and work, 
going on again before winter.”' He 
wrote : “ I would not yet speak too posi- 
tively with reference to the coming win- 
ter; but I think the strong probabilities 
are that we shall be here, and continue 
our work somewhat as formerly. There 
will be some risk I think, in remaining, 
yet I do not believe we shall be interfered 
with.” 

Mr. Williams wrote from Kalgan, Sep- 
tember 22d : “ Whether the danger of 
war is less now than it has been or not, it 
is certain that we, as a mission, feel less 



20 



Madura Mission — Southern India . 



[January, 



alarm than we did, and all seem to be 
settling down to the decision to remain at 
ur stations during the winter. Mr. and 
Mrs. Gulick are ndw in Mongolia, two 
lays distant, among friends, who urge 
Dur coming there in case of war, and 
assure us of safety. But at present, we 
shall remain at our homes, and trust we 
shall be undisturbed.” 

Mr. Sheffield, of Tungcho, wrote Sep- 
tember 28th : “ Our hearts are very joy- 
ful these days, in the peace and quiet 
which we enjoy in our work, after months 
of uncertainty and anxiety. We feared 
the season of work would find our little 
church and school scattered, and ourselves 
driven from our field ; but our. Father is 
very good to us. We are all in our places. 
Our church members give many pleasant 
proofs of their love for their Saviour. 
They have grown stronger by being com- 
pelled to ask their hearts if they were 
willing to suffer for Christ. This period 
of trial has been improved by the good 
brethren who have preached to the 
church, for teaching the lesson of entire 
consecration to God, — giving ourselves 
living sacrifices on his altar. 

“ Last Sabbath I baptized one of our 
servants, who gives us reason to hope that 
he loves his Saviour.” 



pUOiura f&tsston — Southern Entna. 

MOVEMENT AMONG- THE HEATHEN. 

Mr. Taylor wrote from Mandapasalai, 
September 2d : “I wish to say something 
more of the heathen part of Mandapasalai. 
We seem now to have got a real foothold 
among those who were purely heathen till 
about the fore part of last year. Then 
the best carpenter in the village, together 
with his children, nominally connected 
himself with us; and as proof of his sin- 
cerity, paid me, during the year, fifteen 
rupees, as the tenth of his income. Many 
meetings have been held in his house, at 
which more or less of his neighbors have 
often been present. His two oldest sons 
seem to have become true Christians, and 
I expect, next Sabbath, to receive them to 
the church. The oldest of the two is also 
to be married next week, and we are re- 



joicing that he is to bring to his home, to 
live there among the heathen, a bride 
that is of a character very rare in these 
parts. She is not a mere little girl, as 
most brides are, but a mature woman, of 
commanding and pleasing appearance, and 
a decided mind. Apparently of her own 
independent judgment, she has come out 
on the side of Christianity; and though 
for this purpose she had to go to a school 
of the lowest caste, she has within the 
past few months learned to read; and 
now, for about a month, she has attended 
our girl’s boarding-school for improvement 
(putting us, however, to no expense), for 
she said, as a reason for coming, that after 
ber marriage she would have no such op- 
portunity. 

“ The heathen of the village are of a 
higher caste than most of those connected 
with us, and tenacious of the distinction, 
but the truth is making inroads upon 
them, and they can no longer be indiffer- 
ent. I cannot say that this new, small 
accession will be steadfast, for experience 
warns us not to be too sanguine in such 
cases, but their acquisition is the result of 
long labor on our part and of reflection 
on theirs. This is not the gathering of 
merely loose stones on the surface, for 
the building of our spiritual temple, but 
the cutting of blocks from the solid quarry 
of heathenism.” 

A PASTOR CALLED. 

Mr. Taylor also writes : “ In this sta- 
tion, a marked event of the past six 
months has been the calling of Mr. Eames 
to be the pastor of the church in West 
Caresaculum. New life has been imparted 
to the church and congregation, which 
before had been declining. Mr. Eames 
has labored there about two months, 
pleased himself, and giving satisfaction to 
the people. He has not yet been or- 
dained, though he expects to be before 
long ; but as he has before been employed 
only as a teacher, he did not wish to 
enter the pastoral work till he could have 
some personal experience and observation 
in this, to him, new sphere. I rejoice at 
this accession to the working force at my 
station for several reasons, some of which 
are personal, for I took him 25 years ago, 



1871.] 



21 



Eastern Turkey Mission. 



when young, into our boarding-school in 
Tirupuvanum. He is now the man of my 
choice, for his piety, devotion to duty, and 
fitness for the pastoral office. I have not, 
for some time, had any man in my station 
field of his capacity and power to influ- 
ence, so that his coming almost marks an 
era, the standard for good being raised 
thereby in the whole station.” 



Eastern Curkeg i&tsston. 

THE OPENING AT VAN. 

Mr. Labaree, of the Mission to Persia, 
returning from a visit to Bitlis, spent some 
time at Van, and wrote from there to Mr. 
Knapp, of Bitlis, as follows: — 

“ Our stay here has been very pleasant. 
I wish you could have laughed with us 
over our family cart ride about the city 
and its suburbs. We presented a most 
striking spectacle for western eyes, how- 
ever it might have appeared to the Van- 
lees. We have become very much in- 
terested in the city and its people, as a 
missionary field. We have obtained a 
stronger impression of the readiness of 
the people to receive the gospel than we 
had before this second visit. Shamasha 
Elia has spent most of the time in selling 
books in the market. With his bags of 
tooks over his shoulder, he has been 
around from shop to shop selling and 
talking. The greatest interest was mani- 
fested in him and his work, and quite a 
large call for books kept him very busy. 
Friday he came home quite tired out, 
having been hard at work from early 
morning. At every turn in the market 
men called him to their shops, eager to 
look at his books. Whenever he sat 
down, large companies gathered about him 
to examine his books and to talk, and he 
was surprised at their freedom and bold- 
ness. 

“ I have been myself about the market 
a good deal, and have had a chance to 
see how much the Shamasha with his 
books was in demand, and also to experi- 
ence the cordiality of numbers towards a 
Protestant missionary. Some have been 
very free in speaking to me of their de- 
sire for missionaries to come and reside 



here. None of those whom I have met 
seemed spiritually very much awakened, 
but the study of the Scriptures has eman- 
cipated them in a measure from the bond- 
age of their old superstitions and bigotry, 
and excited in them a desire for a more 
rational religion. 

“ I should like to spend a much longer 
time here, and help on the good work 
which the Lord is doing. It is evident 
that the harvest here is ripening, and that 
not slowly. The deacon has sold, in the 
two and a half days past, about 225 pias- 
ters worth of books. I wish this work of 
book-selling could be followed up vigor- 
ously, there is a wide field open for such 
labors. A good, brave-hearted colporter 
could dispose of a large number of books 
in the course of a month, and diffuse a 
large amount of light. It is a pity that 
this great city should be left so long with- 
out the preaching of the gospel.” 

THE REVIVAL AT BITLIS. 

Several communications of much in- 
terest have appeared in the Herald within 
the past few months, respecting the relig- 
ious interest at Bitlis. In a letter dated 
September 10th, Mr. Knapp gives some 
account of the origin of that work. He 
writes : — 

“ My last letter to you was dated May 
2d. We were then in the midst of a 
revival — the most powerful and signal we 
have ever witnessed. I have never given 
you a history of the origin of that great 
work ; and as it was somewhat peculiar 
I will mention it. Last winter my family 
(including the Misses Ely) were called to 
endure a severe trial. As no human aid 
was available, we were literally driven to 
throw our burden on the Lord, and seek 
deliverance from him by prayer. And 
while we were in our helplessness, pray- 
ing, yea, before we called, God answered, 
in a most wonderful manner, so that our 
joy became as intense as had been our 
sorrow — so intense that it seemed for a 
time that poor human nature could hardly 
endure it. Such was our joy at seeing so 
many converted, and so strong our sympa- 
thy for the salvation of the scores of con- 
victed sinners with whom we had daily 
conference, that we dreamed of them, wept 



22 



[January, 



Western Turkey Mission. 



in our dreams for them, and sometimes 
actually waked from such dreams to find 
tears running down our cheeks. The 
Lord had literally poured out a blessing 
until it seemed there was ‘ not room 
enough to receive it/ We all felt that 
the happy experiences of those few 
months were enough to compensate for a 
lifetime of missionary working and wait- 
ing. 

“ Forty-two , from our Sabbath congre- 
gation of 150, have been added to our 
church (now numbering seventy-four) as 
the fruit of that revival, and there are 
many more who we believe met with a 
change of heart. The intensity of the 
former religious interest has now abated, 
but most of the prayer-meetings are kept 
up, although none of us, during our sum- 
mer’s tent life on the mountains for recu- 
peration, are able to attend them as con- 
stantly as formerly. 

“ Our people have recently torn down 
the inner partition of the chapel, laid 
a board floor, plastered the walls, etc., 
greatly improving it ; and during our an- 
nual meeting, four hundred met in it on 
the Sabbath — the largest congregation 
we ever had in Bitlis. The Lord be 
praised for what he has done for us.” 



3®Jesterti STurttej pifsston. 

A HEARTY WELCOME BACK. 

Mr. and Mrs. Leonard and Miss 
Fritcher, returning from a visit to the 
United- States, accompanied by Miss Bush, 
on the way to Harpoot, reached Marso- 
van July 9th, and Mr. Leonard writes : — 
“ After a- refreshing visit in America, 
our joy and gratitude on entering again 
the mis>ion field are enhanced by the very 
cordial welcome which awaited us on the 
part of our dear people in Marsovan. 
Would that you could have been here to 
witness and share in that welcome. Our 
field borders on the Black Sea, though its 
centre is sixty miles distant. No sooner 
had we touched the wharf in Samsoon 
than we were surrounded by Protestant 
brethren, who greeted us with affectionate 
salutations. Among them were two stu- 



dents, who had come down from Marsovan 
Seminary to assist us in the land journey. 
Another company were waiting for us by 
the hot springs of Cauvza, who, on hear- 
ing of our approach, mounted their horses 
and came dashing down the road in the 
greatest glow of enthusiasm, exclaiming, 
as they grasped our hands or leaned over 
from the saddle for an oriental kiss, ‘ Hosh 
gueldin , Bodveli ! ’ ‘ Hosh gueldin , Ma- 

dama!’ Welcome Reverend! Welcome, 
Madam ! ‘ Paree yegar, Varzhoohee 1 

Welcome teacher ! and then passed on, 
all aglow, to salute others of the party in 
the rear. 

“ The third and last day’s journey was 
but half completed when another company 
of brethren and sisters on horseback, and 
with them Brother Smith and Miss Bliss, 
met us on the plain, amidst the ripening 
fields of wheat and barley, emblems of the 
great moral harvest which waved so luxu- 
riantly on every side. Finally, as we 
came up to the vineyards, and halted in a 
shady place beneath bi'oad branching wal- 
nut-trees, scores of women and children, 
old men and maidens, who had come out 
on foot, some well and neatly dressed, 
others with tattered garments (index of 
deep poverty), pulling. us down from our 
saddles, rounded out the welcome with 
such demonstrations as only Orientals, and 
oriental Christians, know how to give. 
There were embraces and tears and 
hymns of praise — a very affectionate 
time of it ! And then, starting the train 
again, some on horses, some on donkeys, 
and others afoot, in one long, promiscuous 
procession, chatting in a lively way in 
English, Turkish, and Armenian, and fol- 
lowed by a baggage-train of trunks bal- 
ancing in couples over the backs of weary 
mules, we entered the city and were at 
home again in Marsovan. 

“ I have given this little sketch, not 
with any feeling of vanity, as though we 
were worthy of a demonstration, but that 
you may understand how circumscribed is 
the disaffection which reigns in some quar- 
ters towards the servants of the Board, 
while on the contrary there are broad 
fields either already harvested or ripe and 

i “ Hosh gueldin ” is Turkish. “ Paree yegar,” 
addressed to Miss Fritcher, is Armenian. 



1871 .] 



Woman s Work. 



23 



waiting for the reapers. There are men 
and women in these half reclaimed fields, 
who pray daily to the Lord of the harvest 
that he would send forth laborers into his 
harvest. The incident suggests also the 
compensations with which missionary life 



abounds. Those who, from a distance, 
see only the tedious journeys, sunburnt 
faces, sleepless nights in miserable Turk- 
ish khans, perils of robbers, and perils 
among false brethren, see but half of the 
picture.” 



WOMAN’S WORK. 



MARKED ENCOURAGEMENT AT MANDAPASA- 
LAI. 

Mr. Taylor, of the Mandapasalai sta- 
tion, Madura mission, wrote in September 
last : “ Special efforts of late by the ladies, 
for the education of women and girls out- 
side of our schools, have been more suc- 
cessful than I had supposed possible. It 
appears that some such can be induced to 
study, and that they can succeed in their 
efforts, though staying at home and doing 
their work there. I see a change in this 
respect in some of the congregations and 
even among the heathen of this village. 
When I enter it now and see a girl a lit- 
tle more neat than usual, with her hair in 
some order, and making a salam with a 
smiling face, I feel pretty sure that she is 
one that has been to the mission house 
and begun to study. 

“ I will give no details of the work of 
the young ladies, for it is their part to 
write for themselves, but having the sta- 
tion in charge, and having opportunities 
for knowing, it is proper that I should 
note some of the results, as they are man- 
ifest to me, and particularly the indirect 
influence of such labors on the minds of 
the men. 

“ First, I notice that the ladies seem to 
have no difficulty in gathering audiences. 
They gather these audiences of women 
and children in private houses, or, where 
we have them, in our little churches and 
school-houses, and those as large perhaps 
as I, in any like circumstances, could 
gather among the men. Nor have I ob- 
served that there is any special difficulty in 
making the object of the mission of young 
ladies here to be understood; and the 



simple fact that they leave home and 
friends to come here, and go from village 
to village and from house to house to look 
after the women and children, starts the 
feeling that there must be a reality in the 
religion they teach. 

“I observe two particulars in which 
they seem to have some special advantage. 
One is, that their presentation of the gos- 
pel can be more immediate, direct, and 
quiet than ours. There is a class of men 
who will take the defensive if met by me, 
and be glad of the chance for a discussion, 
who will set up no such proud disputation 
if the truth comes through the agency of 
a woman. The peculiarly humble charac- 
ter of these agents (in their estimation) 
does not stir their pride, and the acknowl- 
edged benevolence of their work further 
disarms opposition. 

“ The other advantage is, that their 
work is an attack upon the weak side of 
the heathenism of this country. In Hin- 
dooism, woman is forbidden to read or 
know the Vedas , and she has no part in 
its ceremonies. She is a cipher. Here 
then is a field to plant. The female mis- 
sionary comes to her with the announce- 
ment that she also has a soul. She is told 
that there is a Saviour and a heaven for 
her , and the good news of the gospel is 
unfolded. Our female missionary ap- 
proaches no guarded foe, but .the unarmed 
yet sensitive women of Hindooism. Un- 
restricted she enters the heart of the 
household, and can there touch the most 
vital springs of life, and, with the Saviour’s 
blessing, awaken desires that are not eas- 
ily put to sleep again. 

“ When the women are thus roused, 
the men cannot remain just as they were. 



24 



Woman's Work. 



[ J anuary. 



Women here are indeed uneducated, but 
they are not uninfluential. They will not, 
simply because they are women, conceal 
what they have thus learned from one of 
their own sex. Their facile tongues tell 
to eager ears, around and outside, what 
they have learned within doors. Thus 
the whole community is influenced by this 
humble attack upon its idolatry and irre- 
ligion on its exposed and unarmed side. 
The effect upon the men, of this work 
among the women, is like that of a strong 
division, in a battle, coming unexpectedly 
upon the enemy’s rear. The men are 
taken unawares, and there is such a sub- 
duing of tone as does not always follow 
when they meet us preaching in their 
streets.” 



PRAYER-MEETINGS AT HARPOOT. 

Mrs. Wheeler wrote from Harpoot, 
September 15th: “ Every Thursday Mrs. 
Raynolds and I go to a new quarter of 
the city and hold a prayer-meeting. We 
often have those to hear us who never 
come to our church, and who fear to be 
called ‘ Protes,’ but will come into a 
neighbor’s house to hear the Bible read 
and - listen to the sweet hymns we always 
sing. Sometimes they give me tearful at- 
tention as I talk to them, or read Ahe 
sweet words of Jesus. We were once in- 
vited to hold our meeting in the house of 
the old priest who died last March, his 
daughter in-law inviting us. His wife left 
the house and went to a neighbor’s during 
the meeting, and we heard that they saw 
a smoke come out of the house and then 
a green flame ! They said it was Satan 
leaving the house ! Several women said 
they saw it. I told them it was well if 
Satan had gone out when we read the 
Bible there, and 1 hoped he would never 
enter again. We now have three female 
prayer-meetings in this city. One is kept 
up by a good native sister, who has poor 
health and a large family. It is on the 
other side of the city, and it would do 
your heart good to see how earnest this 
good sister is and what an influence she 
has. She is the one who gave me the 
coral necklace you had at one time, which 
sold I believe, for fifteen dollars.” 



RECEIPTS OP WOMAN’S BOARD OP MIS- 
SIONS. 

November, 1870. 

Mrs. Homer Bartlett, Treasurer. 

MAINE. 

Bangor Aux. By Mrs. E. G. Thurs- 
ton, Treasurer. A friend, to constitute 
Mrs. Thomas Smith and Mrs. M. G. 

Low, L. M’s, $50 00 

VERMONT. 

Cumberland Centre Aux. By Mrs. 

M. E. Small, First-fruits, $1210 

Middlebury Aux. By Mrs. C. H. 

Ladd, 72 00 

St. Albans Aux. By Mrs. Mary A. 

Smith, Treasurer, 28 50 — 112 60 



5 00 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

Anonymous. “ A Friend,” 

Boston. Ladies of Salem st. church, 
by Mrs. Bates Lovejoy, $25 ; Mrs. Geo. 

N. Dana, $5; Mrs. Alvan Perry, $1; 
Chamber st. Chapel Mission Circles, to 
be applied to the education of heathen 
children in missionary seminaries, $81 ; 
by Mrs. Miron Winslow, from Mrs. 
Freeman Allen, to const, her grand- 
daughter, in Newton, two weeks old, 

L. M..S25; 137 00 

Brighton. Mrs. N. E. Willis, 5 00 

Beverly. Rebecca W. Groce, 2 00 

Beverly , North. Mrs. Rebecca Co- 
nant, 

Chelsea. Chestnut st. church, by 
Mrs. J. Sweetser, 

Charlestown. Mrs. S. S. Tufts, to 
const, herself L. M. 

Everett Aux. By Miss Esther Whit- 
temore, Treasurer, 

Ipswich. Mrs. Cushing’s s. s. class, 

1st Parish, 

Lee. Ladies of Cong, church, for 
support of a pupil in Mrs. Edwards’ 
school, South Africa, 

Lynn. First church s. 8., J. F. Pat- 
ten’s class, first quarterly payment for 
support of a Bible-reader, Aintab, Cen- 
tral Turkey, 

Milton. Mrs. Lucy Wadsworth, 

Pittsfield. Mrs. Dr. Wilson, for sup- 
port .of Hattie Wilson, Zulu girl in Mrs. 
Edwards’ school, 

Randolph , East, Aux. By Miss Sa- 
rah J. Holbrook, Treasurer. In part 
for support of a pupil in Mrs. Edwards’ 
school, 

Swampscott. Cong. ch. s. s. mission 
circle, “ The Busy Workers,” add’l, 
(making a total from this class, Mrs. 

J. Thompson’s, of $61, this year, and 
with $18.98 collection, a total of $79 98 
from the s. s. since January) ; 

Wellesley Aux. By Mrs. Charles B. 

Dana, $175 ; Miss Adelia Chaffin, for 
two pupils in Miss Proctor’s school, 
Aintab, $50; 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Providence. Beneficent church, by 
Miss Anna T. White, Treasurer, 



500 

600 



25 00 

20 00 



5 00 



33 25 



12 50 

100 



30 00 



5010 



400 



225 00—565 85 



6 00 



CONNECTICUT. 

Berlin Aux. Miss Lena Woodruff, 
Treasurer, to const. Mrs. Martha B. 
Halleck and Mrs. Mary B. Moore, 
L. M’s, 

Bolton. Ladies, by Rev. W. E. B. 
Moore, pastor, 

NEW YORK. 

Buffalo. Westminster Pres, church, 
Aux., add’l (with prev. contributions, 
to const. Mrs. C. G. Root, Mrs. F. Grid- 
ley. and Miss A. E. Elliot, L. M’s), 

Brooklyn. New England ch. s. s., 
Hattie D. Snook, in part, to educate a 
pupil in Oroomiah, 

Castile Aux. By K. V. Cochran, 



50 00 

17 50 — 67 50 



8 75 

10 00 



1871 .] 



Miscellany. 



25 



Secretary, to const. Miss Cordelia A. 

Greene, M.D., L. M. 25 CO 

Penn Yan. Mrs. Charles C. Shep- 
pard, 50 00 

Smyrna. S. S. Miss’y Society Cong, 
church, for support of a pupil at Har- 
poot Female Seminary, 80 00 

Warsaw Aux. By Miss Mary S. Wil- 
liams, 16 00 

New York. Anna Mather, <5 — 140 50 



PENNSYLVANIA. 

Philadelphia Branch. By Mrs.Lynde, 
Treasurer. Six ladies, $1 each ; “ O. 
A. L.,” monthly contribution, $25 ; 



TENNESSEE. 

Jonesboro. By Mrs. Rhea, from 
stranger, half a month’s earnings, 



3100 
5 00 



OHIO. 

Youngstown Aux. By Mrs. Julia 
Caldwell, Treasurer. Quarterly con- 
tribution, 19 50 

INDIANA. 



Terre Haute. 2d Pres. ch. s. s., for 
Sarah Condit, in Mrs. Edwards’ school, 20 00 



FOREIGN LANDS. 

Sandwich Islands, — Honolulu. Mrs. 

Jane R. Gelett, to const, herself L. M. 25 00 
Ceylon , — Vdupitty , Jaffna. Rev. J. 

C. Smith, £b sterling ($25 of wh. to 

const. Mrs. Mary S. Smith L. M.) 27 16 



Total of subscriptions and dona- 
tions for the month, $1,070 11 

For “ Life and Light,” Quarterlies, 55 50 

For “ Echoes,” Quarterlies, 50 

Total for month, $1,126 11 



Evanston. Woman’s Miss’y Society, 12618 
Galesburg. Ladies’ Miss’y Society of 
1st Cong, church, 32 60 — 268 78 



MICHIGAN. 

Detroit. Woman’s Miss'y Society, 
fourth quarterly salary of Mrs. Coifing, 

Central Turkey (of wh. to const. Mrs. 

Maria T. Quick, of Ceylon Mission, L. 

M., $25), 100 00 

Southfield. Woman’s Miss’y Soci- 
ety, towards scholarship in Miss Dean’s 
school, $7.64; Busy Bees of Pres s. s., 

$2.44 ; “ I’ll Try ” s. s. class, $3.17 ; 13 25—113 25 



WISCONSIN. 

Bloomington. Woman’s Miss’y So- 
ciety, 10 00 

Cambria. A friend, 5 00 

Emerald Grove. Mrs. A. B. Shat- 
tuck, 1 00 

Oconomowoc. Woman’s Miss’y So- 
ciety, 12 00 — -28 00 

IOWA. 

Bentonsport. Mrs. M. A. Farwell, 1200 
Chester. Woman’s Miss’y Society of 
Cong, ch., to be applied for salary of 
Miss Ettie Maltbie, teacher in Eski Za- 
gra, Turkey, 20 00 

Davenport. (Woman’s Miss’y Soci- 
ety , by prev. contributions, constituting 
Mrs. Jno. A. Hamilton L. M.) 

Fairfax. Woman’s Miss’y Society, 
to const. Mrs. D. J. Jones L. M. 25 00 

Garnavillo. Ladies’ Miss’y Society, 

$5 ; Children’s Box, $1.00; 6 00 

Sabula. Mrs. H. H. Woods, 5 00 

Toledo. Woman's Miss’y Society, in 
part payment of salary of native teach- 
er under Mrs. Coffing, Marash, Central 
Turkey, 14 00 — 82 00 



MINNESOTA. . 

Hamilton. Woman’s Miss’y Society, 6 00 
Wasioja. E. R. S. 5 00 — 11 00 



RECEIPTS OF THE WOMAN’S BOARD OF MIS- 
SIONS FOR THE INTERIOR. 

November, 1870. 

Mrs. J. V. Farwell, Chicago, Treasurer. 

ILLINOIS. 

Chicago. Union Park Cong. Church, 

Miss’y Society (of wh. from Mrs. Rob- 
ert Hill, to const, herself L. M., $25, 

Mrs. Martha A. Dickinson, $5, Miss 
Hattie Bliss, with prev. contributions 
of her daughters, to const, their moth- 
er, Mrs. Almeda Bliss, L. M., $10), 

$40 ; Lincoln Park Cong. ch. 40 ; 2d 
Pres, ch., Woman’s Miss’y Society, by 
Miss Julia Adams, $30 ; 110 00 



MISSOURI. 

Kidder. Woman’s Miss’y Society, 5 00 

KANSAS. 

Osawatomie. Woman’s Miss’y Soci- 
ety, towards Life-membership of Mrs. 

N. D. Colman, 10 00 

OHIO. 

Marietta. Woman’s Miss’y Society, 
to const. Mrs. Mary S. Andrews L. M. 25 00 
Oberlin. Ladies’ Miss’y Society (of 
wh. by her friends, to const. Mrs. C. D. 

Dill L. M., $25), 29 00 

Oxford. Western Female Seminary, 101 05 
Tallmadge. (Previous contributions 
of Rev. John and Mrs. Harriet Seward, 
constituting Mrs. A. P. Rhodes L. M.) 155 05 

673 08 



MISCELLANY. 



VALUABLE DONATIONS. 

The native pastors and preachers of 
thje Central Turkey mission will soon re- 
ceive twenty-five sets of Mr. Barnes’ 
Notes on the New Testament, and twenty- 
five copies of his Notes on Daniel, a pres- 
ent from the author. The large Chris- 
tian experience, learning, and practical 
wisdom of this honored servant of Christ 
will then be reproduced in another lan- 



guage, for the edification of the young and 
growing Christian communities of Cen- 
tral Turkey. 

Another valuable donation has just 
been made by Rev. Dr. Cowles, of Ober- 
lin, of twenty sets of his Commentaries, 
as follows: on Isaiah, Jeremiah, Eze- 
kiel, the Minor Prophets, and his last 
work on Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the 
Song of Solomon. It is proposed to put 



[January, 



Miscellany . 



26 

one set in each of the twelve principal 
theological institutions of the Board, and 
the rest in the libraries of female semina- 
ries. 

It would not be easy to overestimate 
the value of these donations to the relig- 

# t O 

ious life and thought of the future minis- 
try of Christ, and to the mission churches, 
of many lands. 



PAPAL AND PROTESTANT MISSIONARIES. 

One of the missionaries of the Board 
in Persia, at the close of a recent letter 
on other subjects, refers to a matter which 
has excited some interest of late, at home 
and abroad, writing as follows : — 

“ I have recently seen a copy of the 
‘New York Evangelist’ containing ‘a 
notable charge ’ to a foreign missionary at 
his ordination, by a Professor in a Theo- 
logical Seminary. It is not for mission- 
aries to defend themselves against such im- 
putations as are there implied, or to criti- 
cise the taste of such a charge 

“ But when the example of Burnish 
missionaries is held up, as if they were a 
model of superior devotion, and more suc- 
cessful workmen, the result is a failure. 
I must confess my surprise at the igno- 
rance or the willful misrepresentation in 
such comparisons. Formerly they might 
have been regarded as true; but since 
the careful and very candid study of the 
history of Xavier and Romish mission- 
aries, by such a man as Secretary Venn, 
of the Church Missionary Society, and 
the publication far and wide of his con- 
clusions, to what shall we attribute such 
persistent misstatements of the facts ! 
And when Protestant missionaries them- 
selves are cited, as having a high admira- 
tion for the devoted labors of modern 
Roman Catholic monks, laboring in the 
foreign field, we can hardly find words to 
express our astonishment. I venture to 
mention a few facts respecting those whom 
we know here in Persia, as they may be of 
value to you in meeting such wholesale 
charges as the one I allude to. 

“ I have no reason for supposing the 
Lazarist priests laboring by our side are 
not fair representatives of their order. I 



have nothing to say derogatory to their 
private character, except- it be that they 
are lovers of good wine, and are given to 
reviling when occasion provokes. But as 
to their being examples of zeal, and their 
commanding our high respect for their de- 
votion and self-denying toils it is absurd; 
unless indeed celibacy be the highest type 
of Christian’ self-sacrifice, — an old idea, 
that some modern theorizers seem disposed 
to urge, not upon themselves and the min- 
istry at large, but on that portion of the 
clergy laboring in heathen lands, where of 
all places, it would seem, that isolated 
Christian men needed some relief and 
compensation in society. 

“ If these Lazarist priests are free from 
the cares of families, they find their diver- 
sion in other things. When they give 
themselves more or less to the care of vine- 
yards, fields, and aviaries, or to the pleas- 
ure of hunting, they only seek in other 
sources the relief and rest which we Prot- 
estant missionaries find, more truly and 
rationally, in sacred family duties. As to 
their labors in prosecuting their work, un- 
deniably they are neither lazy nor inef- 
ficient. I admit that, like all Roman Cath- 
olic priests, they are great zealots for their 
church. More than this cannot be said 
with truth. There is nothing that com- 
mends itself for imitation. Their zeal is, 
in its methods of manifestation, no loftier 
in its kind than that of political dema- 
gogues. Their converts are made by low 
wiles and intrigues, by the support given 
to dishonest men in denying’ their debts, 
and to rogues in escaping from justice. 
Murderers and adulterers are shielded by 
them, and in return, give a nominal al- 
legiance to the Pope and curse Nestorius. 

“ I would not wish unduly to disparage 
their labors, nor to seem to exalt our 
own ; but in writing thus freely to you, 
who are not likely to misunderstand me, I 
can venture to contrast the energy and 
activity of one with the other. Let me 
give you a picture of our respective modes 
of labor in the villages. I will take a 
common case. 

“ The papist missionary leaves his city 
home of a Saturday afternoon or early 
Sunday morning, as his destination may 
be remote or near. Soon after sunrise on 



1871 .] 

the Sabbath he celebrates the mass. This 
over, the morning is given up to feasting, 
gossip, and jests, intermingled with eulo- 
gies of the Pope and the papal religion. 
Then follows a stroll among the vine- 
yards, or a ride and hunt in the fields. 
The day is closed by a return home or by 
a visit to another village. His main de- 
pendencies for the advancement of his 
cause in the villages, those upon which he 
expends his chief energies, and in regard 
to which he manifests his zeal and devo- 
tion most conspicuously, are the celebra- 
tion of the mass, without preaching, and 
free social intercourse. 

“ The Protestant missionary leaves home 
Saturday morning, rides to a village where 
the helpers in a given section of the field 
assemble, with whom he holds a meeting 
of a couple of hours or more. Skeleton 
sermons are presented and criticised; es- 
says on practical subjects are read and dis- 
cussed; with devotional exercises and re- 
ports of labors interspersed. These over, 
towards the close of the day, he rides to a 
neighboring village. The principal part 
of the Sabbath is spent in public preach- 
ing, urging in private upon church-mem- 
bers various duties of self-support, tem- 
perance, and the like, or if it be a com- 
munion Sabbath, in aiding the pastor in 
his church meeting. At the close of the 
day he either returns thoroughly tired out 
by his two days of exhaustive labor, or 
quite as commonly goes to another village, 
to hold a meeting and give spur to the 
work by his presence and words, returning 
home Monday morning. 

“ I might carry the contrast into other 
departments of labor, but refrain. I only 
wish to give you a few leading facts, which 
cannot do harm if they are of no use to 
you.” 



SHOULD MISSIONARIES GO UNMARRIED ? 

t A missionary nowin the United States, 
— providentially constrained to return, 
much .against his will, writes : “ Dr. H.’s 
famous address to a young missionary, I 
presume you have seen. I consider it ex- 
ceedingly cruel ; not to me, but to my 
brethren, for the Lord clearly sent me 
home, and any opinion of man does not 



27 

trouble me. The address cannot but in- 
jure the cause of missions, and at the 
same time it shows a great ignorance of 
the heathen and* of the missionary work. 
The brethren at Madura would tell him 
that an unmarried man would have no in- 
fluence over the women of India (women 
can be reached only by women), and that 
the natives, judging a young Ccelebs by 
themselves, would not trust him among 
them a week. No amount of argument 
would convince them that be was purely 
moral.” 

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL. 

A Heathen Nation Evangelized. History of the 
Sandwich Islands Mission. By Rufus An- 
derson, D. D, LL. D. Late Foreign Secre- 
tary of the Board. Boston: Congregational 
Publishing Societ}', 1870. 12mo, pp. xxiv. 
and 408. 

Thf. story of the mission to the Sand- 
wich Islands, and the triumphs of the gos- 
pel there, has been often told in some 
brief form, and histories of the Islands 
and the mission, by Dibble, Jarves, and 
Bingham, have long been in possession of 
the public. But the most recent of these, 
by Bingham, was completed in 1847, and 
it was eminently fitting that the Secretary 
whose relations with the work and the 
missionaries had been so intimate from 
the first, retired from his official station, 
but still favored with a good degree of 
health and strength, should present to the 
churches the completed history of a now 
completed foreign missionary work. The 
time was fitting also. The “Jubilee” was 
celebrated at the Islands just in sea- 
son for some account of it to appear in 
the closing chapter of the history, and the 
mission is no longer to have a place among 
those of the American Board in its An- 
nual Reports. The work is done, and the 
story of that work is told by the man who 
so largely supervised it. The author has 
not allowed himself to subject the narra- 
tive to “ the rigid demands of chronology,” 
but, while giving dates sufficiently, has 
endeavored, in many of the thirty-eight 
chapters of the volume, to give a some- 
what completed view of topics as they 
have arisen, and finished sketches of 
prominent individuals among the native 



Miscellany. 



28 Miscellany . [January, 



helpers in the work, — sometimes of in- 
tense interest. Thus there are chapters 
on the “ condition of the people ” when the 
mission was commenced, on “ opposition 
from foreigners,” “ embarrassments of the 
government,” “ preparation for the great 
awakening,” “ results of the great awaken- 
ing,” “ growth of the civil community,” 

“ the Sandwich Islands evangelized,” etc. ; 
and chapters respecting individuals, as 
“ Keopuolani,” “ Kalanimoku and Na- 
makana,” “ Kaahumanu,” “ Kapiolani, 
heroine of the volcano,” “ Bartimeus, 
the blind preacher,” “ deceased missiona- 
ries,” etc. Supplementary pages give 
brief memoranda in regard to the vari- 
ous American laborers, male and female, 
who have been employed at the Islands, 
and a catalogue of the various publications 
by the missionaries in the Hawaiian, the 
Marquesan, and several Micronesian dia- 
lects. 

It will thus be seen that the volume, 
though not large, is one of great inter- 
est and value, furnishing, as it was de- 
signed to do, not only a striking illustra- 
tion of what may be done by missions to 
the heathen, but important “ lessons for 
those now engaged in the missionary 
work.” 

lUr Missionaries passing through Lon- 
don, are invited by Mr. Burr, 11 Queen 
Square, Bloomsbury, W. C. to make his 
house a place of resort to meet their 
friends. By taking pains to call there, 
they may frequently hear of acquaintances 
and friends in the city, as a registry of 
names and addresses will be kept. Mr. 
Burr has pleasant rooms for the accom- 
modation of guests, and will do all in his 
power to oblige them by needed informa- 
tion as to travel, purchases, etc. He is 
ready to secure passage by any of the 
great lines of travel in advance, on appli- 
cation, accompanied by appropriate drafts. 



EMBARKATION. 

Miss Julia A. Shearman, of New York 
city, sailed from that place December 1st* 
to join the Western Turkey mission. 



ARRIVALS. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wilder, Miss Day and 
Miss Hance, who sailed from New York 
July 6th, for the Zulu mission, reached 
Durban September 17th. 

Mr. and Mrs. Park, who sailed August 
3d, for the Mahratta field, reached Bom- 
bay September 16th, and were “most 
kindly and cordially received on all sides, 
being met first by two native Christians, 
who “ went off in a boat to the steamer, 
at the earliest opportunity.” 

Rev. Isaac Pierson, from Andover, Mass, 
(a graduate of Yale College and Andover 
Seminary), who sailed from San Iran- 
cisco September 1st, for the North China 
mission, arrived at Shanghai October 4th. 
He was expecting to leave that place for 
Peking October 15th. 

Misses Rappleye, Wood, and Maltbie, 
who sailed from New York October 12th, 
arrived at Constantinople November 11th. 



DEATHS. 

At Cleveland, Ohio, November 1, 1870, 
Mrs. Sarah C. Adams, relict of Rev. 
Newton Adams, M. D., missionary to the 
Zulus, South Africa. 

Mrs. Adams (Sarah C. Van Tyne) was 
born at Pittstown, N. Y., April 2, 1800, 
but with her father, removed to Auburn, 
N. Y., in 1812. She was there converted 
under the preaching of Dr. Lansing, unit- 
ing with his church in 1818. Soon after- 
wards she told her sister of her strong 
desire to become a missionary, but re- 
quested that it should not be mentioned, 
saying, if the Lord had work of this kind 
for her to do, he would open the way. 
With her brother she came to Cleveland, 
in 1831, and was engaged in teaching. 

Dr. Adams was then preparing, with 
others, to go to South Africa and estab- 
lish a mission among the Zulus. Attracted 
by her earnest piety and devotion to tl\e 
work of the Master, he found her ready 
to accompany him, and they were married 
November 2, 1834, and sailed from Bos- 
ton December 3d of the same year for 
Cape Town ; going thence by a long and 
tedious overland journey to Port Natal. 
The tribes were then uncivilized and 



1871.] 



Donations . 



29 



warlike ; wild beasts howled around their 
dwelling, and trampled down the native 
huts ; her health was never firm, but her 
labors were abundant, and her priva- 
tions many; yet she always spoke of the 
years spent in Africa as the happiest of 
her life, and on the morning of her last 
day on earth she spoke of her love for 
that dear missionary band and that peo- 
ple. 

Dr. Adams died in 1851, but she re- 
mained in Africa five years longer, and 
then only on account of ill-health, returned 
to this country. The last few years of 
her life were spent among friends in 
Cleveland, Ohio, and Titusville, Penn. ; 
in both of which places she was earnest 
and unceasing in efforts to promote the 
interests of her Redeemer’s kingdom, 



and many will bless God that they were 
brought under her influence. Her uni- 
form cheerfulness, her readiness to sym- 
pathize in the joys as well as sorrows of 
others, and her great love for children, 
were striking traits in her character. 

One has truly said, “ Her life was per- 
fectly rounded to its close.” She rests 
from her labors, and her works do follow 
her. 

At Eski Zagra, in November (date not 
given), Miss Roseltha A. Norcross of the 
mission to European Turkey. Further 
notice of this sad event will appear here- 
after. 

At Moonjasoon, Turkey, October 21, 
Agnes Gertrude, daughter of Rev. W. A. 
and Mrs. Caroline E. Farnsworth, of the 
Cesarea station, Western Turkey mission. 



DONATIONS RECEIVED IN NOVEMBER. 



MAINE. 

Cumberland county. 

Gorham, Cong. ch. and so. 15 90 

Portland, Plymouth Cong. ch. and 
so. m. c. 26 12 — 42 02 

Franklin county Aux. Soc. Rev. I. 

Rogers, Tr. 

New Sharon, Cong. ch. and so. 30 00 

Lincoln and Sagadahoc counties. 

Waldoboro, 1st Cong. ch. and so., of 
wh. from Ladies’ Asso’n, 7 ; Mrs. 

H. H. Lovell, 5; Mrs. Betsey Ste- 
vens, 3; George Allen, 2; R. C. 

Webb and wile, 2 ; collections, 

5.41; 24.41 

Oxford county. 

Stowe, Cong. ch. and so. 5 00 

Penobscot co. Aux. Soc. E. F. Duren, 



Fitzwilliam, Cong. ch. and so., an- 
nual coll. 

Hillsboro’ co. Conf. of Ch’s. George 
Swain, Tr. 

New Ipswich, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 

Peterboro, Evan. ch. and so. 

Rockingham county. 

North Hampton, Cong. ch. and so., 
m. c. 15.59, express, 25c. 

Seabrook and Hampton Falls, Cong, 
ch. and so., annual coll. 

Sullivan co. Aux. Soc. N. W. Goddard, 
Tr. 

Claremont, D. M. Ide, for China, 



42 78 



5 40 

48 50 — 53 90 
15 34 

22 25 — 37 59 
15 00 



VERMONT. 

Addison co. Aux. Soc. Amos Wilcox, 



154 27 



Bangor, Central Cong. ch. and so., 
add’l, for the debt, 100 00 

Piscataquis county. 

^Greeuville , Mrs. Emma S. Cameron, 

for Micronesia, 20 00 

Somerset county. 

Anson, Tilson H. Spaulding, 16 00 

Washington county. 

East Machias, Cong. ch. and so. 

m. c. 31 00 

Eastport, Central Cong. ch. and so. 

m. c. 25 00 

Harrington, Elizabeth A. Carleton, 1 00 — 57 00 

York county. 

Biddeford, 2d Cong. ch. and so., 

Thomas H. Cole, 10, A. Olivia Cole, 

5; 15 00 

South Berwick, avails of gold chain, 5 00 — 20 00 



r „ 314 43 

Legacies. — Bangor, Buchan Haskins, 
by J. S. Wheelwright, Ex'r, 50 00 

364 43 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Carroll county. 

Chatham, Cong. ch. and so. 5 00 

Cheshire co. Conf. of Ch’s. George 
Kingsbury, Tr. 



Bristol, Mrs. (Rev.) Philena Morgan, 2 00 
Cornwall, Cong. ch. and so. 78 81 

Yergennes, Cong. ch. and so. 43 30—124 11 

Chittenden co. Aux. Soc. E. A. Fuller, 

Tr. 



Burlington, 1st Calv. Cong. ch. and 
so. m. c. 

Jericho, David Hutchinson, 

Westford, Cong. ch. and so., annual 
coll., with prev. dona., to const. 
Martin P. Rice, H. M. 

Winooski, Cong. ch. and so. 

Essex county. 

Guildhall, Cong. ch. and so. 

Orange county. 

Bradford, Cong. ch. and so. , 100, less 
express, 25c. 

West Randolph, “From a Friend,” 
45, a thank-offering, 10 ; 

Rutland co. James Barrett, Agent. 

Rutland, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 

Sudbury, Cong. ch. and so., for 
Bitlis Station, 

Windham co. Aux. Soc. C. F. Thomp- 
son, Tr. 

Bellows Falls, Cong’l Bible-class, 

Windsor co. Aux. Soc. Rev. C. B. 
Drake and J. Steele, Tr’s. 

Windsor, Cong. ch. and so., add’l, 



20 00 

500 



40 00 

20 10 — 85 10 

6 00 



99 76 

55 00—154 75 
72 64 

20 00 — 92 64 
27 03 



4 00 



30 



Donations . 



[ J anuaryj 



Woodstock, 1st' Cong. ch. and so., 
bi monthly coll. 12 15 — 16 15 



505 78 

Legacies. — Putney, Laura P. Parker, 

by Sterne 0. Parker, Ex’r, 100 00 

Westford, Mrs. S. Richardson, of 
Cong’l church, by Rev. George P. 

Byington, 10 00 — 110 00 

615 78 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Barnstable county. 

Provincetown, Cong. ch. and so. 13 25 

Berkshire county. 

Great Barrington, 1st Cong. ch. and 
so. 211 50 

Housatonic, Cong. ch. and so. an- 
nual coll. 18 47 — 229 97 

Boston and vicinity. 

Bostou, of wh. from Salem church, 

J. P., 50 ; Friend, 25 ; a friend to 
the cause, 2 ; 232 03 

Chelsea, Winn. Cong. ch. and so. 
m. c. 28.50; Broadway Cong. ch. 
and so. m. c. 18. 17 ; a friend, 50; 96 67 — 323 70 
Brookfield Asso’n. William Hyde, Tr. 

Brookfield, Cong. ch. and so. 232 47 
North Brookfield, 1st Cong. ch. and 
so., annual coll., add’l, 5 00 

Sturbridge, Cong. ch. and so. 170 40 — 407 87 

Essex county. 

Andover, Free Christian church, 8 70 

Methuen, 1st Cong. ch. and so. m. c., 

2 months, 45 82 54 52 

Essex co. North Conf. of Ch’s. Wil- 
liam Thurston, Tr. 

Amesbury and Salisbury, Union 
Cong. ch. and so. 10 00 

Newburyport, Miss H. F. Tyler, to 
const. Mrs. Caroline L. Blake, 

Byfield, Mass., and Miss Sophia J. 

Lyon, Pelham, N. H., H. M., 2 '0 ; 

Mrs. T. C. Tyler, to const. Mrs. 

Eliza T. Burrill, H. M., 130; 

Miss E. Bassett, 40 ; Memorial gift 
from a member of North Cong’l 
church, 8 ; 378 00 — 388 00 

Essex co. South Conf. of Ch’s. C. M. 

Richardson, Tr. 

Beverly, Dane st. Cong. ch. and so. 

m. c.., November, 19 29 

Boxford, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 35 52 

Lynnfield Centre, 1st Cong. ch. and 
so. 4 95 

Middleton, Cong. ch. and so. 35 00 94 76 

Franklin co. Aux. Soc. Lewis Mer- 
riam, Tr. 

Ashfield, Hannah White, 10 00 

Hampden co. Aux. Soc. Chas. Marsh, 

Tr. 

, a friend, 5 00 

Longmeadow, Cong. ch. and so. 

m. c. 17 22 

Palmer, 2d Cong. ch. and so. 48 41 

Springfield, “Unabridged,” 1,000 00 

Westfield, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 138 36-1,208 99 
Middlesex county. 

Auburndale, Cong. ch. and so., an- 
nual coll., in part (of wh. for 
China, 5), 1,583.23, m. c. 245.46 ; 1,828 69 
Charlestown, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 

m. c. 22 23 

Lowell, High st. Cong. ch. and so. 129 30 
Newton, a friend, 25 00 

Somerville (Winter Hill), Broadway 
Ortho. Cong. ch. and so., to const. 

Amos Keyes, H. M. 100 00 

West Concord, collection, by hand 
Dr. H. B. Hooker, 8 68-2,113 90 

Middlesex Union. 

Leominster, Evan. Cong. ch. and so. 

45.50; J. B. Allen, 10; 55 50 

Norfolk county. 

Brookline, Harvard Cong. ch. and 
so. m. c., November, 11 13 

Foxboro, Mrs. Martha P. Grover, 50 00 
Jamaica Plain, Central Cong. ch. 

and so. m. c. 21 00 

Needham, Josiah Davenport, 5 00 



South Dedham, M. Fales, 5 00 

West Medway, a friend. 5 00- 

Taunton and vicinity. 

Attleboro, 2d Cong. ch. and so., of 
wh. from Ladies’ F. M. Society, 

87.85, m. c. 20.01, to const. Mrs. 
Wheaton Briggs, H. M. 

Berkley, Female Cent Society, 

Freetown, CoDg. ch. and so. 

Worcester co. North Aux. Soc. C. 
Sanderson, Tr. 

Phillipston, Cong. ch. and so., an- 
nual coll. Ill 69 

Templeton, Cong. ch. and so., Gents, 

35.50, Ladies, 69.10, m. c. 14.27 ; 118 87 
Winchendon, 1st Cong. ch. and so., 
coll. 22.67, m. c. 33.67 ; 56 34 



-97 13 



107 86 
21 48 

5 29—134 63 



286 90 

Less balance paid for printing, 93 — 285 97 

Worcester co. Central Asso’n. E. H. 

Sanford, Tr. 

Worcester, Plymouth Cong. qh. and 
so. (a friend,, 100, coll. 36.56), 

136.56 ; Alexander II. Wilder, to 
const. Mrs. Mary J. Wilder, H. 

M., 100 ; a friend, a thank-offer- 
ing for missionary teaching at 
Mount Holyoke Seminary, 10; 246 56 

5,669 75. 

Legacies. — Boston, Martha A. Quin- 
cy, by Thomas D. Quincy, Ex'r, 289 45 
Whately, William Merriam, by L. 

Merriam, Adm’r, 280 79 — 570 24 

6^9 99 

RHODE ISLAND. 

Little Compton, United Cong. ch. and so. 26 60 



CONNECTICUT. 

Fairfield co. East Aux. Society. 

Bethel, Cong. ch. and so. 28 34 

Newtown, Cong. ch. and so. 12 50 

Stratford, G. Loomis, 2 50—43 34 

Fairfield co. West Aux. Soc. A. E. 

Beard, Tr. 

Darien Depot, Rev. E. D. Kinney, 5 00 
Green’s Farms, Cong. ch. and so. 157 75 
New Canaan, Cong. ch. and so. 146 83 
Ridgebury, Cong. ch. and so., an- 
nual coll., to const. Rev. Augustus 
Alvord, H. M. 52 00 

Weston, Cong. ch. and so. 25 00 — 386 58 

Hartford co. Aux. Soc. E. W. Par- 
sons, Tr. 

*Bristol, Cong. ch. and so., Ladies’ 

Asso’n, 82 65 

East Hartford, Cong. ch. and so. 309 50 

Hartford, Centre Cong. ch. and so. 

(coll., add’l, 119, m. c. 33.33), 

152.33 ; Asylum Hill Cong. ch. and 
so. m. c. 13.03; Rev. G. E. San- 
borne, 10 ; 175 36 

Poquonock, Cong. ch. and so., add’l, 
with prev. dona’s, to const. Edgar 
A. Moshier, H. M. 16 43 

West Suffield, Cong. ch. and so. 45 00 

Windsor, Cong. ch. and so. 50 00 — 678 91 

Hartford co. South Consociation. 

Middle Haddam Landing, 2d Cong. 

ch. and so. 5 00 

Middletown, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 
m. c. 8.53; J. F. Huber, monthly 
dona. ( 2 months), for Mr. Pen- 
field's station, Madura, 2 ; 10 53 

Newington, Cong. ch. and so., an- 
nual coll. 128.26, Ladies’ Society, 

85, m. c. 33.74; 247 00 

Southington, Cong. ch. and so., an- 
nual coll , of wh. from T. Higgins, 
to const. Dennis P. Finch, H. M., 

U 0 : 255 50-518 03 

Litchfield co. Aux. Soc. G. C. Wood- 
ruff, Tr. 

Goshen, a friend, 15 00 

Plymouth, Cong. ch. and so. 133 50 

Roxbury, Cong. ch. and so. 20 00 

Thomaston, Cong. ch. and so., to 
const. Charles B. Holt, H. M. 358 10 



1871 .] 



Donations . 



31 



Washington, 1st Cong. ch. and so., 
add'l, 5 00 

Watertown, Cong. ch. and so., an- 
nual coll., of wh. from Eli Curtiss, 
to const. F. J. Partree, II. M., 

100 ; 193 11-724 71 

Middlesex Asso’n. John Marvin, Tr. 

East Iladdam, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 65 00 

Killingworth, a friend, 5 00 — 70 00 

New Haven City. F. T. Jarman, 

Agent. 

1st Cong. ch. and so. (of wh. from 
Samuel Miller, 100, coll. 824 80, 
m. c. 22.36), 947.16; North Cong, 
ch. and so. (of wh. from two ladies, 

20, m. c. 12), 32 ; Davenport Cong, 
ch. and so. m. c. 10.50 ; 

New Haven co. East Aux. Soc. F. T. 

Jarman, Agent. 

Fair Haven, 1st Cong. ch. and so., 
to const. Rev. Harvest Bushnell, 

H. M. 

Wallingford, Cong. ch. and so. 

New Haven co. West Conso’n. E. B. 

Bowditch, Tr. 

Bethany, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 

Southbury, Cong. ch. and so. 

Waterbury, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 

(coll. 200.21, m. c. 13.79), 214; a 
friend, 5; 219 00 

Whitneyville, Cong. ch. and so., 

Gents, 54.31, Ladies, 40 35, m. c. 

32 31, to const. Mrs. Amelia A. 

Leonard, Marsovan, Turkey, H. 

M. 127 00—420 46 



989 66 



60 00 

80 10—140 10 



610 
68 36 



New London and vie. and Norwich and 
vie. C. Butler and L. A. Hyde, Trs. 

Bozrah, Cong. ch. and so., add’l, 

East Lyme, Cong. ch. and so. 

Griswold, 1st CoDg. ch. and so., an- 
nual coll. 

Jewett City, Rev. Augustine Root, 

New London, Mrs. Eliza A. Bull, to 
const. Rev. Edward Bull, Beau- 
fort, N. C., H. M. 

Norwich, Broadway Cong. ch. and so. 
(of wh from a friend of missions, 
[5 gold], 5.53, m. c. 20), 25.53 ; 2d 
Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 20.90; 1st 
Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 14.14; 

Sprague, Hanover Society, add'l, 
Tolland co. Aux. Soc. C. H. Dilling- 
ham, Tr. 

Bolton, Cong. ch. and so. 

Columbia, Cong. ch. and so., Gents, 
34.74, Ladies, 59.26; 

Ellington, Cong. ch. and so. 
Windham co. Aux. Soc. Rev. H. F. 
Hyde, Tr. 

East Woodstock, Cong. ch. and so. 

Pom fret, Cong. ch. and so., coll. 
131 70, m. c. 42.43; 

Woodstock, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 
m. c. 



7 00 

8 00 

43 00 

6 00 



50 00 



60 57 

14 50—189 07 

24 50 
94 00 

85 60—204 10 

55 25 
174 13 

17 00—246 38 



4,611 37 

Milford, 1st Cong. ch. and so., annual 
coll., to const. Rev. A. J. Lyman, and 
Miss S. N. L. Stowe, H. M. 422 96 

5,C34 33 



Legacies. — East Haven, Jeremiah 
Woodward, by Ammi Tyler, 2,000, 
less expenses, 3 ; 1,997 00 

Pomfret, Mrs. Sophronia (Abbott) 

Grosvenor, by Rev. C. P. Grosve- 

nor, Ex’r, 415 00-2,412 00 



7,446 33 

NEW YORK. 

Brooklyn, South Cong. ch. and so., in 
part, 169 07 ; 1st Pres, ch., add’l to 



last year, F. H. Lovell, 150 ; 319 07 

Durham, 1st Pres. ch. m. c. 7 ; Ladies’ 

Cent Society, 14 ; 21 00 

East Bloomfield. Cong. ch. and so. 109 84 
Haveretraw, Central Pres. ch. 100 00 

Jasper, a few individuals, to const. 

Mrs. Sarah Lamson, II. M. 100 00 



Lumberland, Cong. ch. and so. 
Madison, “ Cent Society,” 

Mount Sinai, Cong.ch. and so. 

New York, Broadway Tabernacle Cong, 
ch. and so., in part, l,20l»; Harlem 
Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 10.50 ; Third 
Ave. Mission Chapel, 10 ; Students 
in Union Theol. Sem’y, 7 ; Mrs. S. 
M. Valentine, 10; received through 
the “ New York Observer,” 5 ; Miss 
Anna Davenport, 2 ; 

Niagara Falls, A. II. Porter, 

Palmyra, Miss Tabitha Sheffield, 
Patchogue, Cong. ch. and so. 

Penn Yan, Charles C. Sheppard, 
Rochester, Brick Pres. ch. 135.78 ; 1st 
Pres, ch., add’l, 7-50 ; a “ Friend,” 
for Harpoot, 3 ; 

Saratoga, Ann E. F. Smith, 
Tarrytown, Mrs. M. B. Nichols, 

West Bloomfield, Mrs. B. P. Hall, 
Woodhaven, Cong. ch. and so. 



3 26 
10 00 
21 10 



1,244 50 
50 00 
25 00 
17 50 
250 00 



146 28 
50 00 
10 00 
50 00 

5 96-2,533 51 



Legacies. — Geneva, Rev. M. P. Squier, 

D. D., add’l, by Mrs. C. Squier, 

Ex’x, 280 00 

Madison, Rev. Roswell Hawkes, by 
his daughter, Mrs. E. S. Putnam, 100 00 
Morrisania, E. Withington, add’l, by 
Rev. S. S. Jocelyn and J. B. Col- 
man, Trustees, 50 00 — 430 00 



2,963 51 

NEW JERSEY. 

Hohokus, “ A Friend,” 5 00 

Newark, 2d Pres, eh., Young People’s 
Miss’y Society, 76 60 ; South Park 
Pres, ch., “ a friend ” 1 ; ditto, ditto, 

1 ; 78 60 

Orange, Valley Cong. ch. and so., add’l, 

P. M. Myers, 100 00 

Vineland, 1st Pres. ch. 11 00 

Wantage, 1st Pres, ch., 60, less prev. 
ack’d, 50 ; 10 00—204 60 



PENNSYLVANIA. 
Lock Haven, G. B. Perkins, 
Philadelphia, Miss K. M. Linnard,100; 
“J. D. L.,” monthly dona., with 
previous dona., to const. Foster A. 
Rhea, Jonesboro, East Tennessee, 
H. M., 50; 

LOUISIANA. 

New Orleans, 1st Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 



3 79 



150 00-153 79 



22 45 



OHIO. 

Atwater, Cong. ch. and so. 27 00 

Cincinnati, Third Pres. ch. 273 72 

Collamer, Cong. ch. and so. 50 00 

Dayton, East Pres. ch. 25 00 

Fairmount, Pres. ch. 5 00 

Fearing, Tp, Mrs. Angelina Stanley, 10 00 
Four Corners, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 4 40 

Gustavus, Elam Linsley, 1 00 

Jackson, C. H., A. C. V., 5 00 

Mansfield, Austin Marshall, 5 00 

Oberlin, Cong, churches, m. c. 22 86 

Sullivan, Cong. ch. and so. 12 Ol) 

Tallmadge, Benevolent Asso’n, annual 
coll., to const. Mrs. Martha J. Bron- 
son, H. M. 113 25 

Wheelersburg, “ A Friend,” 4 75- 

INDIANA. 

Michigan City, Cong. ch. and so. 



-558 98 



65 25 



ILLINOIS. 

Alton, M. K. Whittlesey, 2 00 

Amboy, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 17 30 

Canton, Cong. ch. and so. 33 70 

Chicago, 1st Cong. ch. and so. (of wh. 
from Rev. W. W. Patten, D. D., 50), 

303; South Cong. ch. and so. 11.95; 

Theol. Seminary, Society of Inquiry, 



2 05 ; 317 00 

Dixon, C. A. Davis, 10 00 

Geneva, Cong, ch and so. m. c. 3 32 

Lena, Mrs. E. Terrel, 1, Mrs. Mary M. 
Reynard, 1 ; 2 00 



32 



Donations , 



[January, 1871. 



Pana, 1st Pres. ch. annual coll., 55.35 ; 

Rev. James S. Walton, 5 ; 60 35 

Shirland, Cong. ch. and so. 13 50 

Wheaton, Cong. ch. and so. 11 00 — 470 17 

Legacies. — Chicago, William H. Brown, 
add’l, by C. B. and S. L. Brown, Ex’rs, 6,050 00 

6,520 17 

MICHIGAN. 

Allegan, Cong. ch. and so., annual coll., 
of wh. from Mrs. Elizabeth Booth, to 
const. Rev. Rufus Apthorp, H. M., 

50 ; 71 10 

Edwardsburg, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 60 00 
Frankfort, Cong. ch. and so. m. c. 4 CO 
Richland, 1st Pres, ch., annual coll. 46 75 — 181 85 

MINNESOTA. 

, a friend, 250 00 

Medford, Cong. ch. and so. 6 00 

Minneapolis, Plymouth Cong. ch. and 
so. m. c. 10 20 

St. Peter, Mrs. Treadwell, 2 50 — 268 70 

IOWA. 

Bradford, Cong. ch. and so. 10 00 

Chester, Cong. ch. and so. 31 00 

Florence, 1st Cong. ch. and so., No- 
vember coll. 2 00 

Magnolia, Cong. ch. and so. m. c., No- 

7 00 — 50 00 



10 00 
15 10 
9 00 
15 55 
10 10 
11 54 
38 59 
10 00 

10 00—129 88 
1 00 



WISCONSIN. 

Cambria, Nancy J. Williams, 
Elkhorn, Cong. ch. and so. 
Emerald Grove, Cong. ch. and so. 
Hartford, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 
Kenosha, 1st Cong. ch. and so. 
Lake Mills, Cong. ch. and so. 
Menasha, Cong. ch. and so. 
Shullsburg, Cong. ch. and so. 
Sparta, H. Rice, 

MISSOURI. 
Iron ton, Giles Russell, 

KANSAS. 

Solomon City, Pres. ch. 
Wabaunsee, 1st Church of Christ, 

NEBRASKA. 
Nebraska City, a friend, 

Ponca, Rev. W. H. Clark, 



5 00 

9 00 — 14 00 



9 00 

5 94 — 14 94 



OREGON. 

Portland, 1st Cong. ch. and so. m. c., 

November, 6 00 

DAKOTA TERRITORY. 

Yankton, Cong. ch. and so. 18 52 

CANADA. 

Province of Quebec. 

Montreal, E. K. Greene (800 gold), 

893.00 ; Hugh Me Lennon, 25 ; 918 00 

Sherbrooke, Thomas S. Morey, 6 80 — 924 80 

FOREIGN LANDS AND MISSIONARY STATIONS. 
China, Kalgan, Rev. Mark Williams, 140 00 
India, Madura, monthly concert coll. 

16.15 ; C. Phillips, in memory of his 



beloved daughter Mary, deceased, 

5.60 ; 21 75 

Seneca Mission, Oldtown, m. c. 18; 

Mrs. S. M. Wellman, 2; 20 00 

South Africa, Natal, Umtwalumi m. c. 5 00—186 75 

MISSION WORK FOR WOMEN. 

From Woman’s Board of Missions. 

Mrs. Homer Bartlett, Boston, Treasurer. 

Massachusetts, Wellesley Auxiliary So- 
ciety, for pupil in Miss Fritcher’s 
school, 70 ; for pupil in Miss Smith’s 
school, 25 ; 95 00 

New York, Brooklyn, New England 
Cong. ch. s. s., Miss Hattie Snooks, 
in part, for pupil at Oroomiah, 10 00 — 105 00 

From Woman’s Board of Missions for the 
Interior. 

Mrs. J. V. Farwell, Chicago, Treasurer, 673 08 



778 



MISSION SCHOOL ENTERPRISE. 

Maine. — Bangor, Central Cong. s. s. 30 00 

New Hampshire.— Campton, Cong. s. s. 32.75 ; 

Jaffrey, Cong. s. s. 6.25; North Hampton, 

E. and L. Haines, 1 ; 40 00 

Vermont. — Dummerston, M. Chandler, “for 
little services,” 50c. ; Salem, a little Union 
School, 3.75 ; Westhaven, ditto, 5 ; 9 25 

Massachusetts. — Great Barrington, 1st Cong, 
s. s. 33.50; Lee, Cong. ch. and so., Ladies, 
for a scholar in Rev. Wm. Ireland’s train- 
ing-school, Zulu Mission, 33.25 ; Newbury- 
port, Mrs. T. C. Tyler, 1.87 ; Shirley Vil- 
lage, Cong. s. s., for schools in India. 10; 
Williamstown, Cong. s. s., for school at 
Jaffna, Ceylon, 30 ; 113 62 

Connecticut. — Newtown, Cong. s. s. 12 50 

New York. — Hamptonburgh, District No. 5, 
s. s. 4; Oswego, Cong. s. s. (Mr. Fort’s Bi- 
ble-class, for the training-class at Erzroom, 

21.45; Mrs. Hamilton’s class, for ditto, 5), 

26.45 ; 30 45 

Pennsylvania. — Franklin, 1st Pres s. s. 15 29 

Ohio. — Granville, Pres. s. s. Miss’y Society, 13 00 

Illinois. — Freeport, Pres. s. s. 50 ; Granville, 

Cong. s. s. 3.25 ; 53 25 

Michigan. — Adrian, 1st Pres. s. s., for native 
helper, under Rev. H. N. Barnum, at Har- 
poot, 100 00 

Wisconsin. — Elkhorn, Cong. s. s. 9.02 ; Taf- 
ton, Cong. s. s. 2.75 ; 11 77 

Canada. — Province of Quebec, Montreal, Zion 
Cong. ch. s. s. 22 15 

451 28 



Donations received in November, 
Legacies, “ “ “ 



18,739 61 
9,622 24 

$28,361 85 



Total from Sept. 1st, 1870, 
to Nov. 30, 1870. 382,490 20 



HOW TO REMIT SAEELY. 

In making remittances (of sums above Five Dollars) it is best to procure a draft on 
Boston, New York, or Philadelphia, or a “ Post-Office Money Order.” When neither 
of these can be conveniently obtained, send the money, but always in a registered letter. 
The registration fee has been reduced to fifteen cents, and the present registration 
system has been found, by the Post-Office Department, to be virtually an absolute 
protection against losses by mail. All Postmasters are obliged to register letters when 
requested to do so. 






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Missionary Herald 

Princeton Theological Seminary-Speer Library 



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